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Grassland Middle Social Studies Mid-Term Part 1

29 Questions
STUDY
PLAY
Migration
movement of people or animals from one region to another
culture
is a groups set of common values and traditions including language goverment and family relationships
list the features of a civilization
trade centers,specialzed jobs,organized goverment,record keeping,advanced tools
list the features of the moun builder civilization
large population,agriculture based,built mounds
pueblos
aboveground houses made of heavy clay called adobe
kivas
underground ceremonial chambers
teepees
cone shapped shelters
totems
ancestor or animal spirts on tall wooden poles
matrilineal
people that trace their ancestory through their mothers,not their fathers
what was the role of the printing press in spreading renissance ides throughout europe?
It could print entire pages at a time so people could read the same books and share ideas about it
what was the name between asia and the americas?
beringia
What are joint-stock companies
buissness in wich a group of people invest their money for financial gain.Similar to todays stock market
What were characteristics of mississippian mound builders?
their mounds were used for cerimonial purposes
the devolpment of the caravel was important to europes age of discovery because
It made sailing easier faster and cheaper. you could sail into thewinds. it had really helped europe with sailing..
why were europeans looking for an all water route to asia?
god gold and glory
an agriculture technique of growing three or more crops in a single mound that benifited each cropis known as
intercropping
why were the crusades a key factor in changing european life
trade asia and began to grow, and introduced europeans to new products such as rice, apricots,cotton cloth, and the ideas of muslim thinkers
the voyage that carried captured africans to the americas for use as slaves was known as the
middle passage
What was the african dispora
the scattering of africans or when enslaved africans were sent across to the new world
what was the columbia exchange
the exchanging of foods and goods from the old and new world
what was the encomienda system?
a system in spanish america that gave settlers the right to tax local indians or demand their labor in exchange for protection
why did spain portugal want to control territory in the americas
god,gold,and glory
in order to govern their empire in the americas effectively, the spanish divided it into two provinces called
Viceroyalty of New spain and New peru
farms set up by the spanish in their colonies to grow food were called
plantations
how did the plantation system affect native americans
many died and forced into slavery
Who was Vasco Nunez de Balboa?
First european to discover the pacific ocean and crossed the panama
How were the spanish able to defeat the Aztecs and the Incas
Disease,Better weapons and well trained fighting force,ponies,aid or allies from other american indian tribes,quintalcoatal
why was the defat of the spanish armada important?
the defeat opened the new world for exploration by other european countries
in what way did the treaty of tordesillas benefit portugal
portugal got brazil