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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
History Part 1
Terms in this set (99)
What was William Penn's most fundamental principle?
What form of behavior did William Penn ban in his Pennsylvania colony?
What commodity drove the African slave trade in Brazil and the West Indies during the seventeenth century?
Who finally ended the Salem Witch trials?
the Massachusetts governor
Bacon's Rebellion was caused by a conflict between blacks and whites in Virginia ( True or False )
Who would southern colonists have seen as the best candidate for serving as the town's judge?
A wealthy planter
Georgia was established by James Oglethorpe, whose cause included improved conditions for imprisoned debtors and the abolition of
It is estimated that between_____ percent of adult white men could vote in eighteenth-century colonial British America
50 and 80%
The most famous Great Awakening revivalist minister was
The English finally became successful in defeating the French in the Seven Years' War under the leadership of:
With the Peace of Paris (1763):
France lost its North American empire
Most of the slaves carried to the New World were destined for mainland North America. ( True or False)
What best describes representation within the United States' national political structure today?
What prevents something like the Intolerable Acts from occurring in the United States today?
the Bill of Rights
What political movement of the seventeenth century resembled the 1760's Regulator movement in South Carolina?
The treatment of John Wilkes resembled which act of Parliament against the colonies?
The Intolerable Acts
What major event first led the British government to seek ways to make the colonies bear part of the cost of the empire ?
The Seven Years' War
Which one of the following did not specifically provide for direct or indirect taxes on the colonies?
The Declaratory Act
Britain responded to the Boston Tea Party with:
The Intolerable Acts
In the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson's biggest influence in regards to natural rights came from ?
During the eight years of war, approximately how many Americans bore arms in the Continental army and state militias?
Although a few were outraged by the Stamp Act, most politically active colonists actually supported it. ( True or False )
Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense as a response to Jefferson's Declaration of Independence. ( True or False )
What was one factor that did not legally disqualify one from voting during this time period?
During the 1780s, what would an American say was the best option for Native Americans in the United States?
leave the United States
In regards to voting for the states, what was a contentious issue?
The constitutions of which states retained property qualifications for voting?
Virginia and South Carolina
Which state's constitution granted suffrage to all "inhabitants" who met a property qualification, allowing property-owning women to vote until an 1807 amendment limited suffrage to males?
According to Noah Webster, what was the very soul of a republic?
What did the "invisible hand" refer to?
the free market
Virtually every founding father owned at least one slave at some point in his life. Who was a notable exception?
Who publically referred to slavery as a "national crime" that would one day bring "national punishment"?
In their Revolutionary-era constitutions, all states adopted John Adams's idea of a "balanced" government. ( True or False )
The Whiskey Rebellion was spurred by:
opposition to Hamilton's excise tax
All of the above ( eliminated British control of western posts within two years, established America's claim for damages from British ship seizures, provided America a limited right to trade in the West Indies).
Pinckney's Treaty (1795)
All of the above ( granted American ships the right to free navigation of the Mississippi River, granted Americas three years access to the port of New Orleans, Set U.S. and Spanish border at 31st parallel.)
In 1804, Alexander Hamilton was killed in a duel with ______, Vice President under Jefferson
Who was President of the United States when the Louisiana Purchase was made?
The Louisiana Purchase________ the size of the United States in 1803, greatly strengthened the country materially and strategically, and provided a powerful impetus to westward expansion.
Who in the sixteenth-century Spanish empire would have the most authority?
An administrative official from Spain
People from ________ were most likely to go to other European countries or rival colonies before settling in one of their own ________ colonies.
Pueblo Indians lived in what is now:
the southern western United States
The Jesuit religious order was particularly influential in:
The reconquista was the reconquest of Spain from the:
In 1519, who became the first European explorer to encounter the Aztec empire?
The transatlantic flow of people and goods such as cor, potatoes, horses, and sugar is called :
The Colombian Exchange
In 1608, Samuel de Champlain founded:
Which European country dominated international commerce in the early seventeenth century?
Agriculture did not come to the American continents, around Mexico and Peru, until around 1000 C.E. ( True or False)
The mound builders were a sophisticated ancient people living in the American Southwest ( True or False )
African society did not practice slavery before Europeans came ( True or False )
The Spanish reconquista required that all Muslims and Jews convert to Catholicism or leave Spain immediately? (True or False )
Who was most likely to build the best relationships with the Native Americans?
The key to more economic equality in New England when compared to the Chesapeake colonies was that New England had more:
During the reign of __________, the English government turned its attention to North America by granting charters to Humphrey Gilbert and Walter Raleigh for the establishment of colonies there.
Elizabeth the First
What was Virginia's "gold," which ensured its survival and prosperity
Where in the Americas did the Pilgrims originally plan to go?
In contrast to life in the Chesapeake region, life in New England:
was more family oriented
Like the first Jamestown settlers, the settlers of Massachusetts were mostly families. ( True or False )
The ultimate goal for the English in gaining New Amsterdam and New Nether land from the Dutch was to:
By the end of the seventeenth century, who was most successful at using diplomacy in securing rights to use land
A West African captured and sold into slavery in 1650 most likely ended up in :
The West Indies
Of colonists in British North America, which group was the wealthiest?
South Carolina rice planters
Before founding Pennsylvania, William Penn assisted a group of English Quakers to set up a colony in what became:
wanted to reform/purify the Church of England
Puritans had a coherent world view finally rooted in theology and religion rather than economics was the prime motive behind the settlement of New England ( True or False )
The first New England settlement, founded in 1620, was
Founder of Rhode Island, _____ argued for a separation of church and state
Unlike the Virginia settlers, most New Englanders settled in America with:
The profits earned from rice persuaded Carolina planters to:
Invest more heavily in slave labor.
By 1708 in Carolina, there were _____ white settlers
more black slaves than
William Penn belonged to which religious sect?
William Penn acquired land from the Indians
by paying for it
In 1664, British took over the Dutch colony, New nether land, without firing a shot, and renamed New York. ( True or False)
This group led opposition to the Stamp Act
Sons of Liberty
Crispus Atucks died during the:
The pro-independence pamphlet Common Sense was written by:
The Coercive, or Intolerable, Acts of 1774 were passed in response to :
The Boston Tea Party
Second Continental Congress
All of the above (met in Philadelphia in May 1775, decided to officially separate from Britain, appointed George Washington the commander in chief of the Continental Army).
Which of the following documents set forth the belief that "all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights that among these are Life, Liberty, and and the pursuit of Happiness"?
The Declaration of Independence
Peace of Paris (1783)
All of the above(recognized America as an independent nation, established the western border on the Mississippi river, Florida was returned to Spain)
The Article of Confederation
All of the Above( was written by John Dickinson of Penn, set up the loose confederation of states,was ratified in 1781).
All the delegates in the Constitutional Convention were wealthy white men ( True or False )
Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government could not
declare war and peace
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
a renewal of public confidence in the national government
The Constitutional Convention took place in ______ in 1787
_________ is referred to as the " Father of the Constitution."
Calling for a national government of three branches (legislative, executive and judicial), the Virginia Plan was written by:
________ Plan called for representation in terms of equal votes per state but adopted the basic state supremacy plan of the Articles of Confederation:
Proposed at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the ________ created a national bicameral ( two houses ) legislature in which all states would be equally represented in the Senate and proportionally represented in the House of Representatives
A supporter of the Constitution who favored its ratification was called
3/5 Compromise made each slave worth three-fifths of a vote in deciding numbers in House of Representatives. ( True or False )
To guarantee certain fundamental freedoms, rights, and protections to citizens and to the states, the Congress passed first_______ amendments to the Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights
The first Secretary of Treasury was
All of the following are true about Alexander Hamilton except:
He served as the major spokesman for the small farmer
Thomas Jefferson felt that creation of a national bank was
While Hamilton favored a strong central government modeled on the British system, Jefferson favored a weak central government and strong state governments. ( True or False )
Thomas Jefferson wanted to increase the number of federal employess( True or False )
In general, the Federalists were pro-British and the Democratic-Republicans were pro-French ( True or False )
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