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Chapter 11: The Civil War
Terms in this set (42)
What date did the seven southernmost states secede, and form the Confederate States of American?
February 4, 1861
What were the military strategies of the North and South at the outset of the Civil War?
The Union had the Anaconda Plan. The Confederacy's strategy was mostly defensive (however, the southern leaders encouraged their generals to attack- if the opportunity arose)
What advantages did the North have over the South?
more fighting power, more factories, greater food production, and a more extensive railroad system
How did different groups react to the Emancipation Proclamation?
For many, the Proclamation gave the war a high moral purpose by turning the struggle into a fight to free the slaves. The Democrats claimed that it would only prolong the war by antagonizing the South. Many Union soldiers accepted it grudgingly.
What acts of protest occurred in both the North and South?
Groups of Slaves rioted in the South after the Emancipation Proclamation. Draft riots occurred- ex. Slaves and Irish immigrants rioted against the enlistment.
In what ways did the South's morale deteriorate?
US Naval blockade of Southern ports,
Emancipation Proclamation making it impossible for, Britain and France to send military aid,
Death of Stonewall Jackson,
Union taking control of Mississippi,
Confederate numbers plummeted,
Steady loss of war supplies,
The first major battle of the Civil War occurred at?
The Union's ironclad warship was named?
The tax that takes a percentage of what someone earns is known as?
The battle that many consider the turning point of the war was?
The leader of the destructive march through Georgia was?
William Tecumseh Sherman
What freed slaves under the Confederate control?
What was the speech that "remade America."?
What outlawed slavery in the United States?
What was the site of the South's surrender?
Appomattox Court House
What were the Northern Democrats who opposed the war called?
What was the notorious Confederate prison?
What was the bloodiest single-day battle in the U.S history?
Who was the Union admiral who captured New Orleans?
The Civil War began with the firing on?
Northern newspapers dubbed the Union's strategy called the?
After this battle, both sides realized that the war could be a long and bloody struggle. What was this battle called?
Robert E. Lee foiled the Union's early effort to capture Richmond in a series of skirmishes known as the?
Seven Day's Battles
Lincoln fired General ________ for being too cautious and slow.
By the end of the war, about 10 percent of the Union Army was made up of?
A massacre of African-American prisoners by Confederate troops occurred at?
The war hurt the South economically by leading to the collapse of its?
Clara Barton made a significant contribution to the war as a?
The worst Confederate prison camp, where nearly a third of its prisoner died, was at?
What was started with the help of Clara Barton?
American Red Cross
A famous Civil War photographer.
The site of Lincoln's assassination.
Who was Lincoln's assassin?
John Wilkes Booth
What was turned into a cemetery for Union soldiers?
What helped make baking safer?
National Bank Act
What was never again attempted after the war?
Who fought Native Americans after the war?
William Tecumseh Sherman
After the war, the power of the federal; government greatly (increased/decreased)
The was devastated the South's economy as it held (50/30) percent of the nation's wealth before the war, but only (25/12) percent by 1870.
The was resulted in a heavy human cost, as more than (600,000/700,000) soldiers were killed in all.
While it took years to finally become the law of the land, the (Twelfth/Thirteenth) Amendment outlawed slavery in the United States
What advantaged did the Union have?
larger population, railroad, telegraph, industrialized, faster production
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