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Ch. 12 Reconstruction
Terms in this set (75)
succeeded Abraham Lincoln as president. He entered politics in Tennessee. Won several important offices, including those of congressman, governor, and U.S. Senator. Was the only senator from a Confederate state to remain loyal to the union. He supported abolition
the period of rebuilding that followed the Civil War, during which the defeated Confederate states were readmitted to the union
When did the reconstruction start?
When did the reconstruction end?
one of the congressional Republicans who, after the Civil War, wanted to destroy the political power of former slaveholders and to give African Americans full citizenship and the right to vote
The representative of Pennsylvania who led the radical republicans.
The Senator of Massachusetts who led the radical republicans
a bill, passed in 1864 and vetoed by President Lincoln, that would have given Congress control of Reconstruction
a federal agency set up to help former slaves after the Civil War
the discriminatory laws passed throughout the post-Civil-War South which severely restricted African Americans' lives, prohibiting such activities as traveling without permits, carrying weapons, serving on juries, testifying against whites, and marrying whites
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1868, that makes all person born or naturalized in the U.S.-including former slaves- citizens of the country and guarantees equal protection of the laws
to formally charge an official with misconduct in office. The House of Representatives has the sole power to do this to federal officials.
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1870, that prohibits the denial of voting rights to people because of their race or color or because they have previously been slaves
Who did the Radical Republicans believe should be in charge of the Reconstruction policy?
the legislative branch of the federal government
Which word best describes Lincoln's original plan for Reconstruction?
Which action showed that President Andrew Johnson did not support greater rights for African Americans in the South?
He vetoed the Freedman's Bureau Act and the Civil Rights Act of 1866
The Fourteenth Amendment was passed to provide a constitutional basis for the
Civil Rights Act of 1866
No one can be kept from voting because of race, color, or former enslavement, according to the
offered assistance, such as medical aid and education, to freed slaves and war refugees
Freedmen's Bureau Act
Granted citizenship and equal protection under the law to African Americans
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Abolished governments formed in the former Confederate states; divided those states into five military districts; set up requirements for readmission to the Union
Reconstruction act of 1867
protected the voting rights of African Americans and gave the federal government power to enforce the fifteenth Amendment
Enforcement Act of 1870
During reconstruction, in Alabama, the wealth per capita among whites dropped from $18,000 to about -
a white southerner who joined the Republican Party after the Civil War
a Northerner who moved to the South after the civil war
The first African American senator
True or False: Most of the Republican Southern state governments did not repeal the black codes
Called for the government to confiscate plantations and redistribute part of the land to former slaves.
a system in which landowners give farm workers land, seed, and tools in return for a part of the crops they raise
a system in which farm workers supply their own tools and rent farmland for cash
During the reconstruction was cotton as big as it was during the civil war?
Who were the "carpetbaggers"?
Northerners who moved to the south at the end of the war
The first African American senator was
Under the system of sharecropping
landowners gave farmers a few acres of land to farm, along with seeds and tools, in return for a cut of the profits
After the war, the Southern economy
was devastated for decades
When African Americans in the South first gained their voting rights, they?
flocked to the polls even when threatened
a secret organization that used terrorist tactics in an attempt to restore white supremacy in Southern states after the Civil War
Ku Klux Klan
Where did the Ku Klux Klan start?
What act did the Supreme court rule out that was unconstitutional
1871 Enforcement Act
a pardon granted by a government, especially for political offenses
the act passed in 1872 that Congress returned the right to vote and the right to hold federal and state offices-revoked by the 14th Amendment-to about 150,000 former Confederates, who would almost certainly vote Democratic
The party created in 1872 hoping to oust Grant in that year's presidential election
Liberal Republican Party
a series of financial failures that triggered a five-year depression in the U.S.
panic of 1873
How did the panic of 1873 start?
Cooke's banking firm, the nation's largest dealer in government securities, went bankrupt, setting off a series of financial failures
paper money that was not backed by equal value in gold
What was passed in 1875 that put the country back on the gold standard
Specie Resumption Act
the Southern Democrats' term for their return to power in the South in the 1870s
In the election of 1876, the Republicans chose the governor of Ohio as their candidate. won the election
Rutherford B. Hayes
In the election of 1876, the democratic governor of New York. He had helped clean up the graft that flourished in New York city under the corrupt Tweed Ring. won most popular vote
Samuel J. Tilden
a series of congressional measures under which the Democrats agreed to accept the Republican candidate Rutherford B. Hayes as president, even though he had lost the popular vote. The measures included the withdrawal of federal troops from Southern states, federal money from improving Southern infrastructure, and the appointment of a conservative Southern cabinet member
Compromise of 1877
a state's powers of governing its citizens without federal government involvement
Which of the following best describes the Ku Klux Klan?
a secret society that used disguises when attacking and intimidating African Americans
Which of the following best summarizes President Grant's administration?
riddled with scandal and corruption
The economic failure known as the panic of 1873
triggered a five year economic depression
what ended Reconstruction in the South?
the compromise of 1877
Which of the following is an example of "redemption" as it was defined near the end of the Reconstruction?
Democrats regained control, or "redeemed" a state government that had been under Republican leadership for 12 years
a clause exempting certain classes of people or things from the requirements of a piece of legislation affecting their previous rights, privileges, or practices.
(of a mob) kill (someone), esp. by hanging, for an alleged offense with or without a legal trial.
the action of forgiving or being forgiven for an error or offense.
a tax levied on every adult, without reference to income or resources
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1865, that has abolished slavery and involuntary servitude
What was Lincoln's Reconstruction plan?
10% plan- pardon all Confederates except tyranting officers, After 10% of a state's population took the oath it would be omitted into the Union again.
What was Johnson's Reconstruction plan?
Each remaining Confederate state would be taken back to the union if it met several conditions; each state would have to withdraw its secession swear allegiance to the union, annul war debts, and ratify the 13th amendment; prevented high ranking Confederates and wealthy southerners from taking oaths
What were the Radical Republican's reconstruction plan?
blacks were entitled to the same political rights; Confederates leaders should be punished for what they did; Civil Rights Bill; 14th Amendment and the enforcements
served as the first grand wizard of the Ku Klux Klan; Confederate Soldier
Nathan Bedford Forrest
led the Radical Republicans in their effort to eliminate vestiges of Confederate nationalism and slavery, protect African American citizenship, and defeat the Ku Klux Klan; president of the United States
Ulysses S. Grant
A famous political cartoonist whom his famous for making the republican an elephant
a United States federal law (in force from 1867 to 1887) that was intended to restrict the power of the President of the United States to remove certain office-holders without the approval of the Senate. The law was enacted on March 3, 1867, over the veto of President Andrew Johnson. It purported to deny the president the power to remove any executive officer who had been appointed by the president, without the advice and consent of the Senate, unless the Senate approved the removal during the next full session of Congress. Congress repealed the act in its entirety in 1887
Tenure of Office Act
What were the problems of the newly freed slaves during reconstruction?
they were without land, tools, money, and with few skill besides farming. They were forbidden to travel without a pass. Slavery had split up many families so families were trying to connect again. over 80% of freed African Americans over the age of 20 were illiterate.
What were the problems of the south during reconstruction?
1. the destruction of property during the war. 2. the deaths of 260,000 young men 3. loss of wealth 4. lost of cotton markets 5. cotton had destroyed the soil 6. lack of industry and railroads 7. access to immigrant labor 8. carpetbaggers
What were the problems of the federal government during reconstruction?
10 of the states would not accept the 14th and 15th amendments, had to try to find a way to accept the Confederates back into the Union
What caused Andrew Johnson to be impeached? Results?
Causes: He decided to keep Lincoln's plan and modify it, however; it did not sit well with the Radical Republicans. They thought of impeachment when Johnson breached the Tenure of Office Act and removed Edwin Stanton. Results: Johnson was impeached by the House of Representatives. He underwent a trial and was found not guilty
Why and how did the reconstruction end?
because of the compromise of 1877. It was an unwritten agreements that stated Hayes would win the presidency if he was to remove troops from southern states
What were the successes of the reconstruction?
it restored the United States as a unified nation: by 1877, all of the former Confederate states had drafted new constitutions, acknowledged the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments, and pledged their loyalty to the U.S. government. Reconstruction also finally settled the states' rights vs. federalism debate that had been an issue since the 1790s.
What were the failures of the reconstruction?
Radical Republican legislation ultimately failed to protect former slaves from white persecution and failed to engender fundamental changes to the social fabric of the South. When President Rutherford B. Hayes removed federal troops from the South in 1877, former Confederate officials and slave owners almost immediately returned to power. With the support of a conservative Supreme Court, these newly empowered white southern politicians passed black codes, voter qualifications, and other anti-progressive legislation to reverse the rights that blacks had gained during Radical Reconstruction. The U.S. Supreme Court bolstered this anti-progressive movement with decisions in the Slaughterhouse Cases, the Civil Rights Cases, and United States v. Cruikshank that effectively repealed the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments and the Civil Rights Act of 1875.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
US History Chapter 4
African American chapter 12
World History 31.2
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