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Arts and Humanities
Essential Elements for Strings - (Book I) Theory Concepts (Entire Book)
Terms in this set (46)
A sign that cancels a flat or sharp.
The smallest distance between two notes in most Western music.
Two half steps combined.
Two or more notes in a sequence of half steps.
D.C. al Fine (Da Capo al Fine)
Go back to the beginning of the music and play until you see the word "fine."
Upbeat or Pickup
A note (or notes) that appears before the first full measure.
A curved line that connects two or more DIFFERENT pitches.
A curved line that connects two or more notes of the SAME pitch.
Same as 4/4.
Time Signature (Meter)
Tells us (top number) how many beats per measure and (bottom number) what kind of note receives one beat.
Specific patterns shown by a leader to a musical group that indicate the beat of the music.
Short lines that extend the staff higher or lower.
Two or more pitches sounding at the same time.
Repeat the section of music enclosed by these signs.
1st & 2nd Endings
Play the 1st ending the 1st time through. Then, repeat the same section of music, skip the 1st ending, and play the 2nd ending.
The speed of music, usually written above the staff, in Italian.
Slower, walking tempo.
Tells us what notes to play with sharps and flats throughout the entire piece.
Move the bow from the frog to the tip.
Move the bow from the tip to the frog.
Go back to the beginning (or to a corresponding "internal repeat") and play the music again.
Indicates the end of a piece of music.
Music is divided up into these, according to the number of beats indicated in the time signature.
Divide the music into measures.
The structure upon which we write music. Five lines create four spaces.
One beat of silence.
One beat of sound.
The pulse of the music.
The art of freely creating your own music as you play
The volume of the music (loud or quiet)
Two or more notes played in the same direction with a stop between each note
short and detached
4 beats of sound
4 beats of silence
2 beats of sound (assuming 4/4 meter)
2 beats of silence (assuming 4/4 meter)
Theme and Variations
a musical form where a theme or melody is followed by different versions of the same theme
a musical composition for two performers
notes that lie outside of the diatonic scale
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