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Constitution Flash Cards
What you really need to know
Terms in this set (17)
Treaty of Paris 1783
a. ended the American Rev.
b. set the fishing/sailing rights for the U.S. and the U.S. border
c. gave the U.S. the N.W. Territory just WEST of the 13 colonies
d. Britain officially Recognizes U.S. Independence
affected the creation of a new gov. because people did not want a strong central gov. like King George III
Articles of Confederation
a. First const. for America (U.S.)
b. adopted in 1781
c. limited power of fed gov. too much
1. weak central government
2. owed debt - couldn't pay off Rev. Debt
3. fed. gov. can't tax
a. held @ Philadelphia Independence Hall
c. met to fix Articles of Confederation
d. decided to create a new const. instead
e. created N.W. Ordinance (how territories become new states)
People who support the ratification of the const. want strong central government
Say that we don't need B.O.R.
a. George Washington (Pres. of Const. Con.) b. Benjamin Franklin (edited Const.)
c. Alexander Hamilton
d. John Jay (1st Chief Justice of Supreme
e. James Madison (Father of Constitution)
John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison wrote the Federalists Papers (Essays that support const.)
1. People who are against the ratification of the const.
2. For states rights - Against Strong Central Gov - Support keeping the A.O.C. gov.
a. Patrick Henry [Virginia] (smack talker) "I smell a rat..." referring to wanting to change A.O.C. to Const.
b. George Mason - refused to ratify Const. w/o a B.O.R. being added to it.
1787; This compromise was between the large and small states of the colonies. The Great Compromise resolved that there would be representation by population in the House of Representatives, and equal representation would exist in the Senate. Each state, regardless of size, would have 2 senators. All tax bills and revenues would originate in the House. This compromise combined the needs of both large and small states and formed a fair and sensible resolution to their problems.
A compromise between Southern and Northern states reached during the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 in which three-fifths of the population of slaves would be counted for enumeration purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives.
Bill of Rights
is written based on Declaration of Independence grievances against the king. Protects citizens from an abusive government
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
Separation of Powers
Const. separates gov. into 3 braches
a. Legislative (creates laws)
b. Judicial (interprets laws)
c. Executive (carries out the laws)
a. Each branch of gov. has its own lists of powers given to it by the constitution separates powers - not shared
b. Const. delegates used example of Montesquieus' philosophies about controlling powers of gov. by separating powers.
Checks and Balances
a. Each branch of gov. has the power to keep the other branches in check. ( from gaining too much power )
b. Const. delegates used example of Montesquieus' philosophies about controlling powers of gov. by branches checking the other's powers.
context clues in ???:
Have to have @ least 2 branches inferenced in order to be checks and balances
Fed Gov. and State Gov can;
a. divide power -
ex: Fed gov (delegated power) sets trade, coins $, declares war , foreign trade
ex: State gov ( reserved power ) runs schools, make laws for state
b. shared power ( concurrent powers ) -
ex: both federal and state governments do taxing , create roads , regulate elections
Is generally proposed by 2/3 of Congress and ratified by 3/4 of state legislatures
long and very complicated process
We don't want it to be easy to change the constitution
A. initial approval 2/3 (U.S. Congress) vote
B. final approval process needs a ¾ (State Congresses) vote in order to amend the const.
Amendments 11-27 went through this process.
A belief that one has an obligation to participate in civic and political affairs.
ex: G.W. - a. Pres. of Const. Conv. b. united Federalists c. Pres. of U.S.
Ben - a. edited Const. b. wrote Albany Plan c. edited D.O.I. d. created libraries / Fire Dept.
T.J. - a. ambassador to France during Const. Conv. ( took Ben's place )
A group selected by the states to elect the president and the vice-president, in which each state's number of electors is equal to the number of its senators and representatives in Congress.
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