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Politics of the United States
Epic social studies test
Terms in this set (36)
List two powers for each branch of government.
Legislative-writes laws and approves treaties, executive-proposes laws and command the armed forces, judicial-interprets the laws and reviews lower court decisions
Why does the federal government have separate branches?
To keep any one branch from growing too powerful
What did Federalists favor in the debate over the Constitution
A strong national government
How can the president check the power of the legislative branch?
By vetoing a law
The Bill of Rights protects people from a crime by allowing them what?
Antifederalists did not like the proposed Constitution because
The national government would be too strong
What happens to citizens rights when they move from one state to another?
Nothing, they remain the same
Explain how the system of checks and balances makes it difficult for Congress to pass a law that the president opposes.
Congress needs two-thirds majority vote to override a presidential veto
Explain the difference between delegated, reserved, and concurrent powers.
Delegated-powers granted to federal government, reserved-powers kept by the states, concurrent-powers shared by state and federal
List three ways the Sixth Amendment protects Americans in a court of law.
Guarantees a speedy public trial, right to know the charges against them, right to question witnesses, right to an attorney
What were the two main goals of the Constitution's framers?
To protect citizens rights and defend the country
Why was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution?
Many states wouldn't sign the Constitution, the writers wanted to protect people's personal rights and freedom, and many people believed it was needed to limit the power of the national government
Explain the difference between the House of Representatives and the Senate in terms of numbers.
The House of Representatives is based on population while the Senate is based on equality
. List the freedoms included in Amendment 1.
Religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
Name two different ways a person can become a U.S. citizen.
Born in the U.S. or a U.S. territory, at least one parent who is a citizen, and become a naturalized citizen
A federal court can overrule a state court if it finds a law to be what?
If the president vetoes a bill, what needs to happen in order for it to still become a law?
The bill goes back to both houses and needs two-thirds of the members of each house to approve it
List the three requirements to serve as president.
Native born citizen U.S. citizen, at least 35 yrs. old, resident of the U.S. for 14 yrs.
Why does the Bill of Rights provide an opportunity for bail?
Defendants have not yet been proven guilty
required military service
-an order authorities must get before they search someone's property
vote to bring charges of serious crimes against a president
-rule that says a person cannot be tried for the same crime more than once
a rule that the law must be fairly applied
the government's power to take personal property to benefit the public
return to an immigrant's country of origin
the government system that gives certain powers to the federal government
government in which people elect leaders or officials to make decisions for them
a request made of the government
commands from the president that have the power of law
the idea that the greatest number of people in a society can make policies for everyone
Political action committees
groups that collect money for candidates who support certain issues
Checks and balances-
system set up in the Constitution where each branch of the government has some authority over the other
Separation of powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
two houses of the legislative branch of government
Recommended textbook explanations
TEKS United States Government
Donald A. Ritchie, Richard C. Remy
Magruder's American Government
Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy
George C. Edwards III, Martin P. Wattenberg, Robert L. Lineberry
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