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HD 475 Test 2
Terms in this set (81)
Three sexual behaviors associated with 18-26 year olds
fellatio, cunnilingus and anal
oral stimulation of the penis
oral stimulation of the vulva
most sexually active but unprepared group
t or f: People in college were less likely than their non-college peers to show risky sexual behaviors
t or f: Living at home did provide special protections against sexual risks
false - did not
t or f: Alcohol use does not seem to be heavily associated with greater sexual risk taking
Casual sexual encounter, no future commitment between partners; typically oral
there was one or more sexual encounters but the individual has decided to no longer
A sexual relationship occurring within an existing friendship
friends with benefits
trading of sexual favors for money or gifts
Used to initiate sex between non-committed partners
Search for mates who remind them of their opposite-sexed parent
classical psychological theory
Equal status contact when looking for mate
Perceived social class
social network theory
evolutionary theory for males
Males continually produce sperm and spread them to as many women as possible
evolutionary theory for females
Women want to seek out sexual partners who have good genes and will be a strong provider
ET: Short-term sex partners are more important to __________ than to ____________ and ______ identify sexually accessible women
men than women
_____________ tend to want to minimize commitment when seeking a short-term partner
___________ place higher value of attractiveness and youth; __________ seek older _________ who likely have more resources
women - men
______________ are more selective when choosing short-term mate because of long-term potential
Study suggested that couples who live together prior to marriage had a substantially higher divorce rate and lower satisfaction level
New data disputes this finding
Level of _________ ________ in married couples strongly correlated with level of marital satisfaction
Maintaining a loving relationship over a long period of time requires: 3
Sense of equality between partners
Attempt at understanding other's POV
Willingness to communicate
One partner, most socially acceptable
Consensual adultery/open relationships
Permission is given to one or both to participate in sexual activity outside of marriage/relationships
One husband multiple wives
One wife multiple husbands
Special Sexual Problems and Patterns of Aging
nursing homes find it inappropriate and discourage
lack of privacy
high rate of stds
Behaviors or orientations that do not conform to the societal norm and because of that it is considered wrong
Non-conformity like a deviation but not necessarily wrong
Intense sexual arousal that is considered abnormal and not socially acceptable - extreme variation or deviation from societal norms
The heterosexual standard
sexual attraction should be limited to members of the other sex
The coital standard
penile-vaginal intercourse is standard
The orgasmic standard
sex should lead to orgasm
The two-person standard
Shared sexual behavior - should be between two people
Makes sexual behavior alone abnormal and more than two is kinky
The romantic standard
Sex without love is emotionally shallow and exploitive
The safe sex standard
responsibility by taking precautions
4 of the 11 global sexual rights
Sexual freedom - individuals can express full sexual potential except for coercion or abuse
Sexual information based upon scientific inquiry
Comprehensive sexual education
Sexual health care
people think their sexual standards and norms are the best and right way
If large number of people do it, it must be normal and if its normal it must be good
If expert vouches for it, it must be normal and good
normalcy by expert opnion
If religion tells us it's right, its normal and good
Moving towards a continuum rather than just good or bad. There are various factors
continuum of normalcy
Really strict adherence to defined laws such as religion - no wiggle room, black and white
Not as strict, flexible
Moral decisions are made in the context of a particular situation
Pleasure is the highest good, outweighs religious values,
Celibacy is the right way through self discipline and denial
The universe was created by a deity and it is finished
Good/Evil - sex is a source of evil and sin outside of certain boundaries
World is constantly changing and evolving, sex should be healthy safe and good
4 Widely accepted principles
Principle of non coercion
Principle of non deceit
Principle of treatment of people as ends
Principle of respect of beliefs
Steps to take to establish a set of values regarding sex: 1 know yourself and...
work toward acceptance of your sexual needs
Steps to take to establish a set of values regarding sex: 2 try not to let yourself be...
bound by popular sexual standards which make you uncomfortable
Steps to take to establish a set of values regarding sex: 3 examine your...
feelings and religion
Steps to take to establish a set of values regarding sex: 4 think...
Steps to take to establish a set of values regarding sex: 5 consider what level of...
responsibility you have toward other people
Steps to take to establish a set of values regarding sex: 6 remember...
Steps to take to establish a set of values regarding sex: 7 decide what role you want...
loving relationships to play in your life
Steps to take to establish a set of values regarding sex: 8 taking opportunities to...
clarify your sexual values
one of the most sexually oppressed groups
intellectual and developmental disability
Designed to help the intellectually disabled adapt to the norms and patterns of mainstream social and sexual life
Two major challenges in developing sexual awareness
visual and auditory disability - trouble understanding or teaching methods
Helping those who cannot help themselves learn how to masturbate or have sex
the communication process
there is a sender and receiver
many factors influence message formation/received
two ways of communicating
behavior and words (verbal/nonverbal)
myth #1 about communication: you should..
have a confident opinion on every issue
myth #2 about communication: an impressive..
conversationalist never permits any dead air
myth #3 about communication: mapping out...
strategies ahead of time makes for better communication
myth #4 about communication: using the right...
line will convince a partner to have sex
myth #5 about communication: the rational mind...
is the only basis for effective communication
struggles for power over one another
the power games
bringing unresolved conflicts and emotional problems into sexual relationships
the relationship game
push for resolution of a conflict as quickly as possible to avoid hurtful feelings or situations
the communication games
6 ground rules for communication: 1 think about the...
degree of commitment you hold for each other and the relationship
6 ground rules for communication: 2 know...
your own values
6 ground rules for communication: 3 understand your...
6 ground rules for communication: 4 keep yourselves...
on equal ground
6 ground rules for communication: 5 build...
trust for one another
6 ground rules for communication: 6 pick the...
right location and time for talking
extroversion vs introversion
there may be some difficulty in understanding each other
4 issues when men and women communicate
1. talking over problems - men just want solution
2. asking for directions - women ask more
3. expressing needs - men more direct less convo, women more convos less direct
4. talking and listening - men talk publically more, women more in small groups
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