Pendergraft APUSH - Ch 14 American Pageant
Terms in this set (25)
favoring those born in one's own country and being opposed to immigrants; specifically, a native born American who wants to limit immigration (and outside influence) -hated minorities, immigrants, and Catholics
Cult of Domesticity
The idea among middle and upper class white American women during the 1800s that glorified the customary functions of housewives. They commanded immense moral power, and made decisions that altered the character of the family.
Machine for separating the fibers of cotton from the seeds; invented by Eli Whitney
Robert Fulton's first commercial steamboat, called "Fulton's Folly." Made run of 150 miles in 32 hours.
One of the earliest investment capital companies formed by 15 Boston families. Eventually dominated the textile, railroad, insurance, and banking business of Massachusetts.
a sailing ship built and rigged for speed, esp. a type of three-masted ship with a fast hull form and a lofty rig, built in the U.S. from c1845, and in Great Britain from a later date, until c1870, and used in trades in which speed was more important than cargo capacity.
Ancient Order of Hibernians
is an Irish Catholic fraternal organization. Its purpose is to act as guards to protect Catholic Churches from anti-Catholic forces in the mid 19th century, and to assist Irish Catholic immigrants, especially those who faced discrimination or harsh coal mining working conditions.
General Incorporation Law
Allowed businessemen to create a new corporation without first obtaining a charter from the state legislature.
Commonwealth v. Hunt
in March 1842, Chief Justice Lemuel Shaw ruled that unions were legal organizations and had the right to organize a strike.
the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in controlling New York City politics and helping immigrants, most notably the Irish, rise up in American politics from the 1790s to the 1960s.
Shadowy Irish miners' union that rocked the Pennsylvania coal districts in the 1860s and 1870s
Zealous German liberal who was a relentless foe of public corruption and contributed to the elevation of American political life. He kept on the moral high ground and avoided partisanship at all costs. Fought against slavery and for good treatment of native americans
Order of the Star-Spangled Banner
Formed by noisy American nativists to rally for political action against foreigners and the change they might bring. Developed into the super secret "Know-Nothing" party
A form of business ownership in which the owners are liable only up to the amount of their individual investments.
Invented by Elias Howe in 1846, perfected by Isaac Singer. Foundation of ready made clothing industry.
Term referring to a series of nineteenth century transportation innovations-turnpikes, steamboats, canals and railroads-that linked local and regional markets, creating a national economy.
Established in 1860 to carry mail quickly from Missouri to Sacramento. Lightweight people would ride ponies to stations ten miles apart and it would only take 10 days. The enterprise lost money and collapsed after 18 months, but it boosted technology later leading to machinery.
The change from an agricultural to an industrial society and from home manufacturing to factory production. Modern factory system, transformation in methods of communication and transportation.
"Father of the Factory System" in America; escaped Britain with the memorized plans for the textile machinery; put into operation the first spinning cotton thread in 1791, used child labor
Irish-American inventor and industrialist, invented the mechanical reaper and harvesting machine
An American inventor who developed the cotton gin. Also contributed to the concept of interchangeable parts that were exactly alike and easily assembled or exchanged
American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat (1807) and the first steam warship (1765-1815)
Samuel F.B. Morse
Invented the telegraph which allowed faster communication over longer distances, developed Morse code, painter
United States politician who as governor of New York supported the project to build the Erie Canal
Female reformer that pushed for female employment as teachers; however, she still embraced the role of a good homemaker for women. She was an example of the fact that not all women were pushing for radical reforms.