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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
World history chapter 11
Terms in this set (55)
Took place in the 1700's when people believed that reason and the scientific method could logically explain human nature.
The belief that truth can be determined solely by logical thinking.
Thinkers of the Enlightenment; critics of society.
A handbook describing the ideas of the enlightenment that became the most famous publication of its period.
Edited the encyclopedia, he was later imprisoned.
Baron de Montesquieu
Adopted the ideas of John Locke and published the spirit of the laws in which he tried to describe a perfect government.
(Francois Marie Arouet) French writer exemplified the spirit of enlightenment.
published the social contract in which he wrote that people are naturally good but environment education and laws corrupt them.
Government must be created by and controlled by the people.
A system of government in which an absolute monarch would rule but according to the principles of the enlightenment.
She was an early spokesman for women's rights.
a document outlining the basic laws and principles that govern a nation.
believed in the divine right of kings which put him out of touch with the people and politics of England.
Petition of right
Stated 4 ancient liberties.
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What was the second Industrial Revolution, and what effect did it have on European economic and social life?
Opposition to attitudes such as those expressed in the speech above led to which of the following? (A) Political reforms that included compulsory public education (B) The expansion of the idea that human nature was not perfectible (C) The growth of mass-based political parties (D) The growth of the Zionist movement
The ideas expressed by Castiglione in the passages most directly support which of the following ideas regarding women during the Italian Renaissance? (A) Most Renaissance humanists believed that it was not proper for educated women to serve in the same roles as educated men. (B) Most Renaissance humanists believed that men and women should have similar roles in society. (C) Most Renaissance humanists believed that men and women should have equal access to classical education. (D) Most Renaissance humanists believed that women should have an increased role in the arts.
Which of the following actions during the period of the First French Republic best reflects the policies of the Jacobins? (A) The nationalization of the Catholic Church (B) The pursuit of a policy of de-Christianization (C) The abolition of hereditary privileges (D) Full citizenship for women of the republic
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