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Amerigo Vespucci

Italian explorer
sailed to South America
first to call Americas a new world

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

crossed the Isthmus of Panama
reached the Pacific Ocean
explorer for Spain


journey made for a special purpose


settlement far from a country that rules it

Columbian Exchange

movement of people, animals, plants, diseases, and ways of life between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
happened after Columbus' voyages

Hernando Cortes

Spanish conquistador, or conqueror of the Aztec empire of Mexico.
wanted to gain Mexico's wealth.
Spanish soldier who had allies or friends who helped him defeat the Aztecs
built Mexico city on the ruins of Tenochtitlan


Spanish conqueror who came to the Americas in the 1500s
group of Spanish soldiers who were later called conquistadors


friend who helps in a fight


capture of taking of something by force


change from one belief to another
to change native peoples from their own religion to Christianity


person who lives in a colony

Juan Ponce de Leon

Spanish explorer who reached Florida peninsula


group of people forming a community


large farm with many workers who live on the land they work


grant given by the king of Spain to wealthy settlers in New Spain
gave settlers control of all the Native Americans iving on an area of land


person who teaches his or her religion to others who have different beliefs


religious setlement where missionaries live and work

Ferdinand Magellan

led first expedition around the world
killed during voyage
Spanish explorer

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