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18 terms

Chapter 4 Spain Builds an Empire

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Amerigo Vespucci
Italian explorer
sailed to South America
first to call Americas a new world
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
crossed the Isthmus of Panama
reached the Pacific Ocean
explorer for Spain
expedition
journey made for a special purpose
colony
settlement far from a country that rules it
Columbian Exchange
movement of people, animals, plants, diseases, and ways of life between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
happened after Columbus' voyages
Hernando Cortes
Spanish conquistador, or conqueror of the Aztec empire of Mexico.
wanted to gain Mexico's wealth.
Spanish soldier who had allies or friends who helped him defeat the Aztecs
built Mexico city on the ruins of Tenochtitlan
conquistador
Spanish conqueror who came to the Americas in the 1500s
group of Spanish soldiers who were later called conquistadors
ally
friend who helps in a fight
conquest
capture of taking of something by force
convert
change from one belief to another
to change native peoples from their own religion to Christianity
colonist
person who lives in a colony
Juan Ponce de Leon
Spanish explorer who reached Florida peninsula
society
group of people forming a community
plantation
large farm with many workers who live on the land they work
encomienda
grant given by the king of Spain to wealthy settlers in New Spain
gave settlers control of all the Native Americans iving on an area of land
missionary
person who teaches his or her religion to others who have different beliefs
mission
religious setlement where missionaries live and work
Ferdinand Magellan
led first expedition around the world
killed during voyage
Spanish explorer