25 terms

Chapter 7-Family Communication


Terms in this set (...)

Family Communication Patterns
Fitzpatrick and Ritchie descrive four different kinds of families based on the family's use of either a conformity or conversation orientation in their interaction. This typology recognizes that families can function well with different types of behaviors and that there is not just one functional way to communicate: consensual, protective, pluralistic, laissez-faire
families are high in both conversation and conformity strategies with their communication characterized by pressure for agreement, although children are encouraged to express ideas and feelings
high in conversation orientation and low in conformity, have open communication and emotional supportiveness in their families
Protective families
rank low on the use of conversational approach and high on conformity dimensions. They stress upholding family rules and avoiding conflict
Laissez-faire families
low on both conformity and conversation dimensions, interact very little. In this kind of family, children may look outside the family for influence and support
Closed Family
use of space: fixed
use of time: regular
use of energy: steady
Open Family
use of space: movable
use of time: variable
use of energy: flexible
Random Family
use of space: dispersed
use of time: irregular
use of energy: fluctuating
Families as closed, open, random and their characteristics
As a means of dealing with the basic family issue of separateness and connectedness, or what Kanto and Lehr call "distance regulation," they developed a six-dimensional social space grid on which family communication takes place
Roles of Couples (Fitzpatrick)
Traditionals, Independents, Separates
Conventional beliefs, high interdependence, less autonomy-satisfaction, cohesion, consensus, affection: high
Accept uncertainty, limited attention to schedules and traditional values-satisfaction, consensus, affection: low, cohesion: some hi
Less sharing, keep distance, less togetherness: satisfaction, cohesion, affection: low, consensus: mod hi
basic resources, nurturance/emotional support, adult sexual needs/gender socialization, kinship maintenance/family management, provide individual development
Role Appropriation
can be seen as a three-part, overlapping process involving role expectation, role enactment, and role negotiation.
Role Expectations
1. society provides models and norms for how certain family roles should be assumed
2. Media has provided many family role models though television specials, situation comedies, movies, or talk shows
3. Daily life within a community also serves as a source of role expectations
4. Religious cultures and school leaders set expectations for how family members should behave
5. Cultural groups convey beliefs about parenting or spousal roles
6. Role expectations also arise from significant others and complementary others
7. Additional expectations come from each person's self-understanding
8. Role expectations are influenced by an imaginative view of yourself-the way you like to think of yourself being and acting
others are those who fulfill reciprocal role functions that have a direct impact on your role
Role enactment/role performance
is the actual interactive behavior that defines how the role is enacted. As with role expectations, role performance is influenced by the individual's capacity for enacting the role; thus, the way others assume their roles and comment on your role affects how you enact your role
Role negotiation
as individuals enact their roles, they experience a process whereby, in conjunction with others, they structure their reality and give meaning to their lives, ex. bringing a new family member into the system requires negotiation
Children of Dysfunctional Families Play Different Roles
the hero, the fixer, responsible child, rescuer, the clown, the mascot, the scapegoat, the rebel, problem child, the bully, the lost child
Victims outside
addictive, aggressive, hostile, rigid, manipulative
Victims inside
hurt, pain, guilt, shame, fear
Chief Enabler outside
sarcastic, self-righteous, super responsible, martyr
Chief Enabler inside
anger, hurt, guilt, low self-esteem
Stages of family closeness and distance
develop, maintenance, dissolution