How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

23 terms

Cellular Respiration Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
cellular respiration
process by which all living cells convert glucose into ATP
mitochondria
location of cellular respiration
carbon cycle
to what cycle is cellular respiration associated?
anaerobic
does not require the use of oxygen
glucose
anaerobic respiration breaks down _______ into carbon compounds that can be used for Part 2 of cellular respiration
2
# of ATP organism gains in anaerobic
cytoplasm
where does anaerobic cellular respiration occur in the cell?
glycolysis
1 molecule of glucose broken into 2 molecules of pyruvic acid without oxygen to make 2 ATP + 2 NADH
alcoholic fermentation
carried out by plants, yeast, and some microorganisms
the breakdown of pyruvic acid without oxygen to make 2 ATP + alcohol
lactic acid fermentation
animals (muscle cells)
the breakdown of pyruvic acid without oxygen to make 2 ATP + lactic acid
aerobic
requires the use of oxygen
34
# of ATP organisms gain in aerobic
mitochondria
where does aerobic respiration occur in the cell?
Krebs, ETC
two parts of aerobic respiration
Krebs cycle
uses pyruvic acid made in glycolysis to create hydrogen ions used later in ETC
matrix
where does Krebs cycle occur in mitochondria?
2
# of ATP created in Krebs cycle
ETC
takes hydrogen ions from Krebs cycle to make ATP
cristae
location of ETC
32
# of ATP produced in ETC
2
# of ATP from aerobic respiration
34
# of ATP from anaerobic respiration
36
# of ATP for cellular respiration as a whole