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20 terms

color theory

Identify the terms and definitions
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primary colors
red, yellow and blue. Three colors that can be used to make any other color.
secondary colors
Orange, green, and violet. Created by combining two primary colors
intermediate colors
colors created by mixing a primary and a secondary color. For example yellow-green, blue-green, etc.
complementary colors
colors located directly opposite each other on the color wheel, for example, yellow and violet
analogous colors
colors that are side by side on the color wheel. Example: yellow-orange, orange, red-orange.
monochromatic
A tonality that uses only one color and its shades and tints.
hue
another word for color
color
visual sensation when light is reflected off of a surface and seen by the eye
color spectrum
the distribution of colors produced when light is dispersed by a prism
color wheel
a circle in which the primary, secondary, and intermediate hues are arranged in orderly intervals.
tint
created when white is added to a color, for example, red and white make pink.
shade
created when black is added to a color
intensity
the brightness or dullness of a color.
value
the relative lightness or darkness of a color, for example beige is lighter than brown.
warm colors
colors of fire and the sun. Red, orange, yellow
cool colors
Colors that suggest water and the forest. Blues, greens, violets and blue-reds.
neutral colors
Colors that are not found in the color wheel, such as black, gray, white, brown and tan.
color scheme
The choice of specific hues to create an overall effect, for example, "earth tones" or "bold primaries."
paint ingredients
pigment, binder and solvent
optical color
how true colors combine or look different according to their surroundings, type of lighting or distance from the viewer.

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