61 terms

315 DRUGS

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AMITRIPTYLINE TREATS???
depression (TCA)
TRICYCLIC ANTIDEPRESSANT (TCA)
drug that blocks the reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin.
AMITRIPTYLINE important side effects
Orthostatic hypotension, dizziness, sedation.
AMITRIPTYLINE monitor for
Sedation, hypotension, increased depression and suicide ideation.
FLUOXETINE/PAROXETINE/SERTRALINE treats?
depression (SSRI)
SSRI
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
FLUOXETINE/PAROXETINE/SERTRALINE important side effects
Insomnia, sexual dysfunction, nervousness.
FLUOXETINE/PAROXETINE/SERTRALINE monitor for
Serotonin syndrome, suicidal thoughts, weight gain, skin rash.
FLUOXETINE/PAROXETINE/SERTRALINE when to take
Take in the AM
PHENELZINE treats?
depression/anxiety (MAOI)
MAOI
inhibit the activity of one or both monoamine oxidase enzymes: monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) and monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B). Increase norEPI, dopamine, and serotonin
PHENELZINE side effects
Orthostatic hypotension, N/V, insomnia
PHENELZINE monitor...
Certain food interactions, orthostatic hypotension, and suicidal ideation.
BUPROPION treats
depression (Seasonal/MDD/Nicotine addiction)
Atypical Antidepressant
inhibits reuptake of serotonin
BUPROPION side effects
seizures, insomnia, hallucinations, delusions.
BUPROPION monitor for
Increased suicide ideation, insomnia, past seizure activity
AMPHETAMINES treat
ADHD
Function of amphetamines
increase release of norepi and dopamine in brain. increase alertness, improve mood.
METHYLPHENIDATE treats
ADHD
METHYLPHENIDATE side effects
Insomnia, increases focus, nervousness, anorexia.
METHYLPHENIDATE instructions
Avoid driving, restrict caffeine
ALPRAZOLAM treats
Anxiety
BENZODIAZEPINES
lower anxiety and reduce stress. inhibits GABA
ALPRAZOLAM side effects
drowsiness, amnesia, slurred speech, sedation, dizziness, tachy, insomnia
ALPRAZOLAM monitor
tolerance, anxiety, sedation, respiratory depression. Avoid alcohol
ALPRAZOLAM avoid
alcohol
LITHIUM treats
bipolar disorder
LITHIUM side effects
muscle weakness, confusion, nausea, tremor
LITHIUM monitor
thyroid function, dehydration, HTN.
LITHIUM avoid
strenuous exercise, NSAIDS
VALPROIC ACID/CARBAMAZINE treats
Bipolar disorder - mania episodes
VALPROIC ACID/CARBAMAZINE side effects
skin rash, liver toxicity, drowsiness, headache
VALPROIC ACID/CARBAMAZINE monitor
Liver function - jaundice
ARIPIPRAZOLE treats
antipsychotic drug (schizophrenia/depression)
ARIPIPRAZOLE side effects
muscle stiffness and tardive dyskinesia
ZOLPIDEM/BUSPIRONE treats
Sedative - Insomnia
ZOLPIDEM/BUSPIRONE side effects
sweating, weight gain, daytime drowsiness, memory loss
ANTIMITOTIC
interferes with cell division - important peripheral neuropathy
LEUPROLIDE treats
Prostate cancer
GnRH (gonadotropin-releasing hormone)
a hormone secreted by the hypothalamus that regulates the pituitary's secretion of gonad-stimulating hormones. Testosterone isn't stimulated
LEUPROLIDE side effects
hot flashes, and headache
TAMOXIFEN treats
breast cancer
Estrogen receptor blockers
prevents estrogen from being activated on breast cancer cells
TAMOXIFEN side effects
retinopathy, cataracts, hot flashes
TAMOXIFEN monitor
abnormal menstrual bleeding.
ANASTROZOLE treats
breast cancer
Aromatase Inhibitor
prevents estrogen receptor positive breast cancer
ANASTROZOLE side effects
muscle pain, weakness, nausea, vomiting, bone marrow suppression.
ANASTROZOLE monitor
musculoskeletal pain, bone density, GI issues
monoclonal antibody
antibody produced in a laboratory to attack antigens and to destroy cells.
ANTINEOPLASTIC DRUGS
medication that blocks the development, growth, or proliferation of malignant cells
ANTIMETABOLITES
disprupts DNA synthesis (blocks DNA and RNA)
ANTIMETABOLITES groups
Folic Acid Analog, Pyrimidine Analog, and Purine Analog
ALKYLATING AGENTS
directly damage DNA to prevent the cancer cell from reproducing
CISPLATIN treats
cancer
CISPLATIN side effects
tinnutis, flank pain, paresthesias, sore throat, GI issues
CISPLATIN monitor
Ototoxicity and Nephrotoxicity and weight
DOXORUBICIN treats
cancer
ANTITUMOR ANTIBIOTIC
interferes with enzyme in DNA replication.
DOXORUBICIN side effects
Alopecia, bone marrow suppression, red urine and tears, cardiomyopathy.
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