solar system

Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 34
Terms in this set (34)
Mass: 5.97 x 10^24 kg
Orbit Period: 365.24 days
Surface Temperature: -88 to 58°C
atmos: 78% Nitrogen, 21% Oxygen; divided into the exosphere, thermosphere, mesosphere, stratosphere and troposphere
densest planet, powerful magnetic field, rotation slowing by 17 milliseconds/hundred yrs, the only planet not named after a Roman god/goddess
Mass: 6.39 x 10^23 kg
Day & Year: 24h 37min = day 687 days = year
Atmosphere: 95.32 % Carbon Dioxide; 1.6% Argon; 2.7% nitrogen; 0.08% carbon monoxide
Mars is the fourth planet from the sun
It is named after "Mars" the Roman god of war
Pieces of Mars have been found on Earth
The tallest mountain known in the solar system is Olympus Mon and is 21 km high - Mt Everest is 8.8 km
Day Length: 10 Earth Hours
Year Length: 12 Earth Years
Atmosphere is mostly made up of Hydrogen and Helium, however The solar mass is still 1.898e27 kg.
Saturn is not the only planet with rings. Jupiter has a faint ring system, as do all four giant planets in the solar system.
GREAT RED SPOT:A Storm that is about two times larger than Earth and has been there for over a century
Solar mass : 5.68E26 kilograms

The only planet in our solar system less dense than water

Radius Size : 0.00038926024 AU
Atmosphere : hydrogen, helium, methane, ammonia, nitrogen, oxygen

Fun Fact : it has rings! However, they are going to disappear in the next hundred million years
Day length : 10h 42m

Year length : 29 earth years
8.681 x 1025kg (Mass)
Orbit: 17 hr (Uranian Day); 84 earth years (Uranian Year - completing one orbit)
Atmosphere: 82.5% hydrogen, 15.2% helium, 2.3% methane
Volcanic Activity: no volcanoes on Uranus
1st planet to be discovered (with aid of telescope)
Has 13 rings
Rotates east to west on its side
Known as an Ice Giant
Extremely cold temperatures, with -224.2℃ as a minimum; very windy; coldest atmosphere of all the planets in the solar system, even though it is not the most distant
Does not have a true surface - mainly swirling fluids
Planet Type: Ice Giant
Atmosphere: mostly consists of hydrogen and helium, with trace amounts of methane, water, ammonia and other ices
Mass: 1.024 × 10^26 kg
Orbit Distance: 4.5 billion kilometers
Length of day: 16 Earth hours
Length of Year: 60,190 Earth Days
Fun Fact: Neptune has a two storms similar to Jupiter's Great Red Spot: known as the Great Dark Spot, ~the size of Earth, and the Small Dark Spot, ~the same size as Earth's moon.
mercury AU0.4 AUvenus AU0.72 AUmars AU1.5 AUjupiter AU5.2 AUsaturn AU9 - 10.1 AUuranus AU19.8 AUneptune AU30.1 AUmercury moonsno moonsvenus moonsno moonsearth moonsone moonmars moonstwo moons, Phobos and Deimosjupiter moons75+ moonssaturn moons53 official moons + 9 more unconfirmedneptune moons14 moonsuranus moons27 moons; named after shakespearemercury diameter4,880 kilometersvenus diameter12,104 kmearth diameter12,756 kmmars diameter6,800 kilometersjupiter diameter142,984 kmsaturn diameter120,536 kmuranus diameter51,118 kmneptune diameter49,528 kmsun diameter109x earth