The repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words.
Reference to well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art.
A comparison of two things not completely alike.
A character or force in conflict with the main character in a literary work.
The repetition or a pattern of the same vowel sounds in the middle of words.
The most exciting part of a story.
A struggle between two opposing forces.
A stuggle within a character's mind.
Is a struggle between a character and an outside force such as another character, society, or a force of nature.
Point of view when a story is told by a person participating in the story (uses"I"). Can't tell us thoughts of other characters.
Expression of an idea creatively, not literally (simile, metaphor, and personification, for example).
An account of a conversation, episode, or event that happened before the beginning of the story or at an earlier point.
Clues the author provides for events that will occur later in the story.
Pictures that the author creates with words.
Making logical guesses using evidence from the text and what you know from experience.
An implied comparison.
The feeling or atmosphere created by the author that the reader interprets from the story.
Repeated details or symbols in a story; For example, shadows or images of decay.
A story. A narrator is one who is telling the story.
Words that imitate sounds. Oink, Pow, Zip, Splash.
Two contradictory words close together ( spikey smooth, loud silence).
Giving human qualities to inanimate objects or abstract ideas.
The sequence of events in a story (what happens first, then next, then next).
The main character in a literary work.
Poking fun at a person, philosophy, event, or institution to expose weaknesses and vices.
The order of events in a story.
The time and place of a story.
A comparison using like or as.
A group of lines in a poem. Much like a paragraph in a story.
The way a particular work is written-not what is said but HOW it is said. Depends on the writer's choice of words, tone, and sentence structure.
Something that stands for something else or means more than itself.
The main idea or underlying meaning of a literary work. A theme may be stated or implied.
Third Person limited
Point of view in which the narrator tells only the thoughts and feelings of a single character (uses "he", "she").
Third Person Omniscient
Point of view in which the all-knowing narrator (like God) gives thoughts or and judgments about the characters (uses "he", "she").
The author's attitude about his or her subject. Is the writer being serious, sarcastic, humorous, sympathetic, etc.
A single line of poetry, or poetry in general (as opposed to prose).
The personality that comes across the page (might be the writer's or a fictional character's personality).
THE ELEMENTS OF PLOT
Background information about the characters and the setting ( time and place) of a story.
The event that triggers the conflict.
A sequence of events arising from the conflict.
The turning point or moment greatest suspense.
The events which bring the story to a close. Eases the suspense.
One last gripping/shocking moment of tension close to the story's end.
The wrapping up of the action/ The revealing of the outcome.
Irony in which the audience or reader knows something that a character or characters don't know. ( I know something you don't know).
Irony in which a person purposely says the opposite of what he/she means, and those who hear know that the statement is meant as tongue in cheek.
Irony in which a situation turns out the opposite of what is expected.
FACT AND OPINION
A fact is something that can be proven. Fact- Alabama is near Georgia. Opinion- Pizza is great.
What is the author's purpose in writing this? To inform, entertain, explain, or persuade? What is the author's point of view--pro, con, or neutral?
What are the author's qualifications to write on this topic? Does he/she quote or use information from experts? Is the information from a reliable publication? Is the information current?
Can you identify any fallacies of logic? Have important points been omitted? Are any arguments irrelevant?
Is the author biased or objective? What are the author's affiliations? Does the author use loaded or emotional words in his/her argument?
Are the statements fact, opinion, or a combination of both? Does the author provide enough of the right kind of evidence?
What does the author have to gain from the article? Power? Money? Influence? A promotion?
The repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables.
The repetition at sounds at the end of words.
The voice in a poem that talks to a reader.
Carries a comparison through several lines or a whole poem.
A word, phrase, or line that is repeated for emphasis and unity.
Human vs Human
Conflict that pits one person against another.
Human vs Nature
A run-in with the forces of nature. On the one hand, it expresses the insignificance of a single human life in the cosmic scheme of things. On the other hand, it tests the limits of a person's strength and will to live.
Human vs Society
The values and customs by which everyone else lives are being challenged. The character may come to an untimely end as a result of his or her own convictions. The character may, on the other hand, bring others around to a sympathetic point of veiw, or it may be decided that society was right after all.
Human vs Self
Internal conflict. Not all conflict involves other people. Sometimes people are their own worst enemies. An internal conflict is a good test of a character's value. Does he give in to temptation or rise above it? Does he demand the most from himself or settle for something less? Does he even bother to struggle? The internal conflicts of a character and how conflicts are resolved are good clues to the character's inner strength.
Human vs Technology
An example might be humans struggling to shut down a computer attempting to take over the world.
The excitement or tension that readers feel as they wait to find out how a story ends or a conflict is resolved.
Point of View
The method of narration used in a short story, novel, narrative poem, or work of nonfiction.
First person POV
The narrator is a character in the story. (Uses "I").
Third Person POV
The narrative voice is outside the action, not one of the characters (Uses "he"/"she"/"they",etc.).
Third Person Omniscient POV
An all- knowing point of view. Narrator sees into the minds of all characters (uses "he," "she").
Third Person Limited POV
Tells what only one character thinks, feels, and observes (uses "he," "she").