152 terms

English 10H ALL THE WORDS

STUDY
PLAY
ab
removal, off, away from
am
love, friendship
ambi
both, around
ann, enn
year
ant, anti
opposition (against)
aqu, aqua
water (a)
arthr
joint
aut, auto
self
bell
war
bi, bio
life (b)
cap
to take, to seize
cat, cata, cath
down, away, against
ced, ceed
to go OR to yield
chord, cord
gut, string, supporting member
chron
time
cide
to kill
circum
around
con, com, coun
with, together, alongside
cracy, crat
power, rule
cruc
cross
crypt, cryph
hidden
de
god (d)
de
down, away
dent
tooth, to bite
dic, dict
to say, to proclaim
dis
lack of, not, opposite
du, duc, duct
lead
dyn
force, motion, power
e
removal, out, without
ep, epi, eph
on, upon
equ
even, equal
eu
good, well
fil
thread OR to put in order
gam
marriage, union
grad, gress
step
gym
naked, a place to excerise naked
hem, hemo, hemat
blood
hetero
other, different
hydr
water (h)
hyper
over, excess
ia, y
act, state of being
ics
things having to do with
il
not
in
into
intra
within, inside
ism
act, practice, condition, belief, state, etc.
ject
to throw
leg, lect
to read, to choose
loc
place
luc
light
macro
large
man
hand
matr, mater
mother
met, meta, meth
above, beyond, over, behind
met, metr
measurement
mit, miss
send
mon
remind, warn, advise
mon, mono
single
morph
shape, form
neur, nerv
nerve
nov
new
ob
before, opposite
odont
tooth
ology, logy
study of
pac, pax
peace
pan
all
path
feelings, suffering, disease
pel, puls
push
per
through, according to
phil
love, fondness, affinity
phon, phono
sound, voice
pneum
lungs, breath, air, spirit
port
to carry, to bear
post
after, behind
pro
for, ahead
prot, proto
first, earliest
psych
soul, mind, spirit
quer, quest,
to seek
re
back, again, new
schiz, schis
to split
sciss, scind
a cutting, a dividing
se
apart, away, by oneself
sect
cut (s)
sens, sent
feeling, perception
serv
to serve
sis
to stand
son
sound
spec, spic
to look, to see
spir
breath OR life, soul
sur, supr, super
over, above
tang, tact
to touch
tele
distant
ten, tain, tin
to hold
the, theo
god (t)
troph
growth, nutrition
vac
empty
vag
to wander
ver
truth
vit
life (v)
zo
animal life
allusion
A subtle reference to history, literature, mythology, art, or the bible
analysis
Breaking something down into smaller parts and explaining how each part works or makes meaning.
antagonist
The person, force, object or being working AGAINST the main character
archetype
A consistently recurring character, pattern, idea or motif in artistic works
begging the question
basing a conclusion on a piece of information that needs to be proven just as much as the conclusion, aka "circular reasoning"
citation
A parenthetical comment or footnote that gives credit to a source for information or ideas the writer uses
connotation
All the ideas, definitions and feelings associated with a particular word or phrase
ethos
The credibility of a writer
explication
A written account of a highly detailed, close reading of a short text
figurative language
Metaphor, simile, personification, imagery
foil
A character who is similar enough to another character to invite comparison, but different enough to really HIGHLIGHT the differences
hyperbole
Extreme exaggeration intended to make a point
imagery
Language that appeals to ANY of the senses: sight, sound, smell, taste, touch
irony
Something that is the opposite of what we can legitimately expect
logos
Using or appealing to logical or reasonable points
metaphor
saying one thing in terms of another (via Robert Frost)
mood
The atmosphere of a piece of literature
motif
A word, image, phrase or idea repeated several times in a particular work to point to a theme or highlight a contrasting element
narrative
A story
pathos
A type of persuasive appeal that focuses on the emotions
pattern
A common sequence of events, character types and other tropes shared by a variety of texts (e.g. tragedy, dystopia, or hero's journey)
plagiarism
Copying the WORDS, IDEAS, or ORGANIZATION of another writer without giving appropriate credit
protagonist
The main character
red herring
When the writer of an argument uses faulty logic to mislead readers and/or distract from the real issue
speaker
The equivalent of a narrator in poetry
concept
The main topic of a literary work, usually of universal significance (e.g. war, friendship, courage, death, love)
theme
The author's message about his/her concept
thesis
The guiding idea of an entire piece of non-fiction writing
tone
The attitudes implied toward subject and/or audience in a literary work (may be the author's or the narrator's)
tragedy
A literary pattern in which a figure who is larger-than-life experiences a downfall as a result of his error in judgement.
voice
The individual writer's style (includes syntax, diction, punctuation)
third-person pronouns
he, she, it, they (etc)
personal pronouns
pronouns that describe a relationship with the speaker, like I, you, we
active voice
directly identifies who is doing the action: The dog ate my homework.
passive voice
does not directly identify who is doing the action and adds a TO BE verb: My homework was eaten.
adverbs
words that describe verbs, adverbs, and adjectives
pattern
(literary) a recurring structure or a recurring set of characters, plot elements, & settings that are the same across several different texts (e.g. a sonnet or the hero's journey)
meals
as a symbol = communion or the quality of relationships
dystopia
a literary pattern which critiques society by exaggerating current trends, societal norms or political systems into a futuristic, imagined universe in which oppressive societal control and the illusion of a perfect society are maintained through corporate, bureaucratic, technological, moral, or totalitarian control.
hero's journey
a literary pattern in which a protagonist gets a call out of the ordinary world and into adventure. The protagonist benefits from a supernatural aide or mentor, becomes heroic through trials and adventures, achieves an actual or moral victory, and often returns to the ordinary world.
spring
as a symbol = youth/childhood, innocence, or rebirth
summer
as a symbol = adulthood, passion, romance, or fulfillment
fall
as a symbol = decline, loss, middle age, tiredness, or harvest
winter
as a symbol = old age, resentment, cleanness, or death
character marks
as a symbol = (1)reveal character/moral deformities, (2)differentiate characters, esp. heroes, or (3)represent the damage life inflicts or the destruction of a character's possibilities
water
as a symbol = Characters who jump/walk/get plunged in & survive have died and been reborn
weather
as a symbol = (1) influences the plot, (2) metaphor for experience (Rain can be cleansing or dirtying, fog is confusion, etc.)
blindness
as a symbol = spiritual insight or awareness
geography
as a symbol = (1) sets a mood (2) develops or defines a character (3) can BE a character (4) is a metaphor for the human psyche (north is reason and morality, south is craziness, West is destiny, top of mountain for clarity, bottom of jungle for confusion and heat, etc.)
disease
as a symbol = reveals something about the character's inner life.
flight
as a symbol = freedom, sometimes sex
violence
as a symbol = the type reveals character relationships, intentions, and quality of the world they inhabit (e.g. shooting with a gun vs. punching with a fist)