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155 terms

English 10H ALL THE WORDS

STUDY
PLAY
ab
removal, off, away from
am
love, friendship
ambi
both, around
ann, enn
year
ant, anti
opposition (against)
aqu, aqua
water (a)
arthr
joint
aut, auto
self
bell
war
bi, bio
life (b)
cap
to take, to seize
cat, cata, cath
down, back, away, against
ced, ceed
to go, to yield
chord, cord
gut, string, supporting member
chron
time
cide
to kill
circum
around
con, com, coun
with, together, alongside
cracy, crat
power, rule
cruc
cross
crypt, cryph
hidden
de
god (d)
de
down, away
dent
tooth, to bite
dic, dict
to say, to proclaim
dis
lack of, not, opposite
du, duc, duct
lead
dyn
force, motion, power
e
removal, out, without
ep, epi, eph
on, upon
equ
even, equal
eu
good, well
fil
thread, to put in order
gam
marriage, union
grad, gress
step
gym
naked, a place to excerise naked
hem, hemo, hemat
blood
hetero
other, different
hydr
water (h)
hyper
over, excess
ia, y
act, state of being
ics
things having to do with
il
not
in
into
intra
within, inside
ism
act, practice, condition, belief, state, etc.
ject
to throw
leg, lect
to read, to choose
loc
place
luc
bright, light
macro
long, large
man
hand
matr, mater
mother
met, meta, meth
above, beyond, over, behind
met, metr
measurement
mit, miss
send
mon
remind, warn, advise
mon, mono
single
morph
shape, form
neur, nerv
nerve
nov
new
ob
to, before, opposite
odont
tooth
ology, logy
study of
pac, pax
peace
pan
all
path
feelings, suffering, disease
pel, puls
push
per
through, according to
phil
love, fondness, affinity
phon, phono
sound, voice
pneum
lungs, breath, air, spirit
port
to carry, to bear
post
after, behind
pro
for, before, forth, ahead
prot, proto
first, earliest
psych
soul, mind, spirit
quer, quest,
to seek
re
back, again, new
schiz, schis
to split
sciss, scind
a cutting, a dividing
se
apart, away, by oneself
sect
cut (s)
sens, sent
feeling, perception
serv
to serve
sis
to stand, to cause to stand
son
sound
spec, spic
to look, to see
spir
breath, life, soul
sur, supr, super
over, above
tang, tact
to touch
tele
distant
ten, tain, tin
to hold
the, theo
god (t)
troph
growth, nutrition
vac
empty
vag
to wander
ver
truth
vit
life (v)
zo
animal, life
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds (initial = first)
allusion
A subtle reference to history, literature, mythology, art, or the bible
analysis
Breaking something down into smaller parts and explaining how each part works or makes meaning.
antagonist
The person, force, object or being working AGAINST the main character
archetype
A constantly recurring character, pattern, idea or motif in artistic works
assonance
ANY repetition of vowel sounds
begging the question
basing a conclusion on a piece of information that needs to be proven just as much as the conclusion, aka "circular reasoning"
citation
A parenthetical comment or footnote that gives credit to a source for information or ideas the writer uses
connotation
All the ideas, definitions and feelings associated with a particular word or phrase
consonance
repetition of ANY consonant sounds
couplet
Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme Consecutive = in a row
ethos
The credibility of a writer
explication
A written account of a highly detailed, close reading of a short text
figurative language
Metaphor, simile, personification, imagery
foil
A character who is similar enough to another character to invite comparison, but different enough to really HIGHLIGHT the differences
foreshadowing
A subtle hint about what is going to happen
hyperbole
Extreme exaggeration intended to make a point
imagery
Language that appeals to ANY of the senses: sight, sound, smell, taste, touch
irony
Something that is the opposite of what we can legitimately expect
logos
Using or appealing to logical or reasonable points
metaphor
When a writer compares two things that are not obviously similar
mood
The atmosphere of a piece of literature
motif
A word, image, phrase or idea repeated several times in a particular work to point to a theme or highlight a contrasting element
narrative
A story
onomatopoeia
When words imitate the sound of what they're describing
pathos
A type of persuasive appeal that focuses on the emotions
pattern
A common sequence of events, character types and other tropes shared by a variety of texts (e.g. tragedy, dystopia, or hero's journey)
plagiarism
Copying the WORDS, IDEAS, or ORGANIZATION of another writer without giving appropriate credit
protagonist
The main character
red herring
When the writer of an argument uses faulty logic to mislead readers and/or distract from the real issue
sonnet
A fourteen-line poem written in iambic pentameter with a specific rhyme scheme and a turn one of the common breaking points
speaker
The equivalent of a narrator in poetry
stanza
The equivalent of a paragraph in poetry
concept
The main topic of a literary work, usually of universal significance (e.g. war, friendship, courage, death, love)
summary
A retelling of the main events or ideas from a piece of writing or a film
theme
The author's message about his/her concept
thesis
The guiding idea of an entire piece of non-fiction writing
tone
The attitudes implied toward subject and/or audience in a literary work (may be the author's or the narrator's)
tragedy
A literary pattern in which a figure who is larger-than-life experiences a downfall as a result of his error in judgement.
voice
The individual writer's style (includes syntax, diction, punctuation)
Works Cited Page
A specific type of bibliography used in MLA writing style only
third-person pronouns
he, she, it, they (etc)
personal pronouns
pronouns that describe a relationship with the speaker, like I, you, we
active voice
directly identifies who is doing the action: The dog ate my homework.
passive voice
does not directly identify who is doing the action and adds a TO BE verb: My homework was eaten.
adverbs
words that describe verbs, adverbs, and adjectives
conjunctions
words that connect ideas or things
FANBOYS
An acronym that stands for the coordinating conjunctions: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
subject
(of a sentence) what or whom the sentence is about
predicate
(of a sentence) makes a statement about the subject and contains a verb
independent clause
the part of a sentence that can stand alone
dependent clause
the part of a sentence that depends on the rest of the sentence to make it complete (or to make sense). It usually relies on placement or commas to connect it to the rest of the sentence.
run on
when a group of words contain more than one independent clause without enough glue OR too many unrelated clauses
syntax
the arrangement of words and phrases in a sentence
diction
word choice