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29 terms

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Anthropology
The study of humankind in all times and places
Holistic perspective
A fundamental principle of anthropology: that the various parts of human culture and biology must be viewed in the broadest possible context in order to understand their interconnections and interdependence.
Ethoncentrism
The belief that the ways of one's own culture are the only proper ones
Culture bound
looking at the world and reality based on the assumptions and values of one's own culture
Applied anthropology
The use of anthropological knowledge and methods to solve practical problems, often for a specific client
Medical Anthropolgoy
A specialization in anthropology that combines theoretical and applied approaches from cultural and biological anthropology with the study of human health and disease
Physical anthropology
The systematic study of humans as biological organisms; also known as biological anthropology
Molecular anthropology
A branch of biological anthropology that uses genetic and biochemical techniques to test hypotheses about human evolution, adaption, and variation.
Paleoanthropology
the study of the origins and predecessors of the present human species; the study of human evolution
Biocultural
Focusing on the interaction of biology and culture
Primatology
the study of living and fossil primates
Forensic anthropology
Applied sub-field of physical anthropology that specializes in the identification of human skeletal remains for legal purposes
Cultural anthropology
Also known as social or social -cultural anthropology. the study of customary patterns in human behavior, thought, and feelings. It focuses on humans as culture-producing and culture-reproducing creatures.
Culture.
A society's shared and socially transmitted ideas, values, and perceptions, which are used to make sense of experience and generate behavior and are reflected in that behavior.
ehtnography
A detailed description of a particular culture primarily based on fieldwork
Fieldwork
The term anthropologists use for on-location research
Participant oversvation
In ethnography, the technique of learning a people's culture through social participation and personal observation within the community being studied, as well as interviews and discussion with the individual members of the group over and extended period of time.
Ethnology
The study and analysis of different cultures from a comparative or historical point of view, utilizing ethnographic accounts and developing anthropological theories that help explain why certain important differences or similarities occur among groups.
Linguistic antrhopology
The study of human languages-looking at their structure, history, and relation to social and cultural contexts.
Discourse
An extended communication on a particular subject
Archaeology
The study of human cultures through the recovery and analysis of material remains and experimental data.
Bioarchaelogy
The archeological study of human remains, emphasizing on the preservation of cultural and social processes in the skeleton
Cultural resource management
A branch of archaeology tied to government policies for the protection of cultural resources and involving surveying and/or excavating archaeological and historical remains threatened by construction or development
Emperical
based on observations of the world rather than on intuition or faith
Hypothesis
A tentative explanation of the relationships between certain phenomena
Theory
In science, an explanation of natural phenomena, supported by a reliable body of data
Doctrine
An assertion of opinion or belief formally handed down by an authority as true and indisputable
informed consent
Formal recorded agreement to participate in research; federal mandated for all research in the United states and Europe.
Globalization
Worldwide interconnectedness, evidence in global movements of natural resources, trade goods, human labor, finance capital, information, and infectious disease.