AMH 3423 Important People / Terms
Terms in this set (60)
Madison Starke Perry
Gov. during start of Civil War, supports secession
Gov. of Florida during Civil War, wanted slavery to the max
David Levy Yulee
Father of Florida railroads, helped obtain Florida statehood, hates the federal gov't
General Joseph Finegan
Confederate General, wins big battle of Olustee in Florida
David S. Walker
first post-war goverener, essentially tired to reinstate slavery system from pre-war
Josiah T. Walls
Florida's first African American Congressman
Ossian B. Hart
Helped re-establish Florida after reconstruction and build up Jacksonville, committed to civil rights.
Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs
(1821 - 1874) An African American who came from the North to help with Reconstruction. He was the Florida Secretary of State from 1868 to 1872 and superintendent of public instruction from 1873 to 1874.
Jackson County War
Tons of A.A killed because whites refuse to elect a Republican representative
Governor of Florida, impeached twice by some Republicans
Develops a house to educate Black children and establishes the magazine "Semi-Tropical"
Gov of FL in 1874, didn't really care too much about reconstruction
William D. Bloxham
Gov of FL, sold land to Disston to pay off debts
George Franklin Drew
Gov of FL, wanted to bring in more businesses so he cut taxes, and wanted a hands-off approach to government
Northerner from Connecticut, comes to Florida to make $$, Develops land in Central Florida and connects to rivers to make plantations to grow fruit
Russian immigrant who helped develop city of St. Pete and built some railroads
U.S. Senator represented Florida. Rejected by the Senate because he was a Confederate. Late into the 19th century, Florida is still electing Confederate people.
Hits Florida big in 1887. Mosquitos bring in the disease. Gov. Fleming establishes a Public Board of Health to combat the disease. People are extreme with trying to contain the disease
Series of freezes in Florida that decimates the Florida citrus industry for 30 years. Screws Central Florida and its land value.
Great Cedar Key Hurricane
Hurricane in 1896 that impacts Cedar Key region. First Hurricane that shows damage to human developments
The Jacksonville Fire
1901 Fire that lasts a whole day and destorys most of downton Jacksonville. Many people left homeless, heavily affected AA population
Develops the new Jacksonville and its architectural design.
A Farmers' organization founded in late 1870s; worked for lower railroad freight rates, lower interest rates, and a change in the governments tight money policy
1890 - The leaders of what would later become the Populist Party held a national convention in Ocala, Florida and adopted a platform advocating reforms to help farmers.
He was the Populist candidate for president in the election of 1892; received only 8.2% of the vote. He was from the West.
William Jennings Bryan
Moves to Florida in 1896, for free silver
Moved from Spain to create cigar manufacturing business in Tampa. Creates Ybor City
Reader for Cuban cigar makers. Read them radical literature. Factory owner allowed them to do it because the workers were skilled
La huelga de pesa
Workers strike at the cigar factories in 1899 and win. They establish a worker's union.
Cigar Manufacturer's Association
Cigar makers' cartel that decides prices
Mayor of Tampa, represented the voice of white citizens and anti-black town attittudes. Established the White Muninicpal Party which disenfranchised black voters.
led the fight for Cuba's independence from Spain from 1895 through the Spanish-American War. Involved in Tampa where many Cuban immigrants lived.
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence. Affected Florida of all places as it was geographically closest to Florida.
Where many troops are stationed for S.A. war, helps build up South Florida
Black Tampa resident who defected from the US Army to fight with the Phillipine Army, shows that race trumps nation
Osecola attempted utopia. Gender equality, weird religious ceremonies
Volusia County attempted utopia. Spirtualism (talking to dead people)
Ft. Meyers area weird religious cult, of Koresh (God's chosen one). Egalitarian society, dies out by the 1930's. It's now a state park.
Utopia community, whites only, moral economy. Juxtaposes utopia with capitalism.
(1901 -1917)Formed by Midwestern Farmers, Socialists, and Labor Organizers -attacked monopolies, and wanted other reforms, such as bimetallism, transportation regulation, the 8-hour work day, and income tax
Populist/Progressive Gov. of FL. Started draining the Everglades (fails). Establishes relationships with feds to get money. Major change to Florida
Buckman Act of 1905
Establishes 3 colleges, UF, FSU, FAMU
Sidney J Catts
Gov. of Florida 1918-1921. Exploited religious and class predujices in rural areas. Gov. during WWI. Pro-temperance.
Hurricane of 1926
The boom had busted after this hurricane in Florida, devestates Miami
Palm Beach Hurricane 1928
Basis for Zora Neale Hurston's Work. Sends Florida into recession before Great Depression
1947 Lauderdale Hurricane
Federal Government sends in aid for this hurricane. Hoover Dike in place to prevent overflow.
1960 Hurricane, 1st one after WWII, messes up SW Florida
1992; costliest US hurricane prior to Katrina; most expensive natural disaster in US; category 5 hurricane
Labor Day Storm of 1935
Reshapes Florida's railroad into a highway. Levels structures in the Keys
Game warden and sheriff of Monroe County, in charge of regulating the bird hunting and game in the county. Murdered by a close associate of his, Walter Smith.
Society created in 1886 by George Bird Grinnell designed to protect wild birds from over-hunting (he was not against hunting). This was the first society of conservationism led by Roosevelt
Businessman who developed tourism and business along the Ocklawaha river. Built a weird steamboat to traverse the river. Brought business to Silver Springs area.
Black outlaw from Gainesville area, infamous for his ability to escape the law. Was unique in the sense he wa a black outlaw; contrasting the depiciton of white outlaws in the west.
Enoch Marvin Banks
UF professor who had to resign because he wanted to teach that the South wasn't correct about the Civil War
U.S. Congressman and Journalist who wanted to expand education
Peter O. Knight
President of Tampa Energy Company, lawyer
The Avery Bill
Failed resort in Florida, home to springs
James Weldon Johnson
NAACP leader and Harlem Renaissance writer; he wrote poetry and, with his brother, the song "Lift Every Voice and Sing."
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