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ADRE 2003 Exam 2
Terms in this set (37)
Where is most coca grown? In what culture?
What functioning in the brain does cocaine disrupt?
Dopamine and serotonin neurotransmitter
- accounts for its high/ withdrawal/ and addiction
When was crack cocaine introduced into the U.S.?
What is the common ingredient in methamphetamine?
Why can amphetamines and cocaine be used for beneficial, medical purposes?
Used as a topical anesthetic
What is freebasing cocaine?
Why was it a precursor to crack cocaine?
-Heated and vapors inhaled
-similar to crack, crack is schedule 1 (no medical purpose)
basic geographical spread of meth
west -> east coast. never too much east coast
Risk of stimulants and withdrawal symptoms
-Increases in feelings of power, suspicion, and paranoia
-lethargy, tiredness, anxiety, depression
What chemical class does caffeine belong to?
Xanthene's- most popular
Most caffeine to least caffeine drinks
Coffee, soda, milk, tea, chocolate
-mtwn dew most
Caffeine withdrawal symptoms
Painful headaches, sleepiness, irritability, muscle pain
What part of the body does alcohol affect?
Central Nervous System depressant
What is the Reactance Theory?
-Teens drinks because "they're not suppose to."
Which is worse: alcohol or heroin withdrawal?
What are the 4 stages of alcohol withdrawal?
stage 1: tremors, sweat
stage 2: hallucinations
stage 3: delusions/ delirium
stage 4: seizures
What is the alcohol % in one standard drink of liquor, beer and wine?
-liquor: 1 oz, 40%
-beer: 12 oz, 5%
-wine: 4 oz, 12%
Why do woman react differently to alcohol than men?
woman weigh less, have higher proportion of body fat, less alcohol dehydrogenase
- less of an enzyme in stomach
What is the BAC at which alcohol poisoning could occur?
.35 or higher
Symptoms of alcohol poisoning
-unconscious/semi, cold and clammy, breathing slow, mental confusion, vomit, seizures
What BAC is a DWI in all 50 states? "provisional" DWI in all 50 states?
-.08 and higher
-.01 and higher
What is proof?
Proof in half = alcohol %
When did prohibition start? get repealed?
Started in 1920, repealed in 1933
-College students more than non
-Men more than woman
How much alcohol does the liver metabolize every hour?
1 drink i.e. .25 alcohol
What is the historic definition of binge drinking?
4+ drinks for girls
5+ drinks for men
When was the drinking age of 21 bill signed into law? By who?
1984 by President Reagan
Health effects of alcohol?
scirosis of liver, heart disease
What is potentiating effect?
Synergistic effect- Mixing depressants with alcohol i.e. alcohol and xanax
What is the difference between barbiturates and benzodiazepines?
Barbs- For sleep, prevents seizures
Benzos- Anti anxiety
Physical effects of depressants?
Slow brain function, slowed pulse, confusion, lowers CNS
Withdrawal symptoms of depressants?
Insomnia, weakness, nausea
Why are depressants prescribed? Beneficial uses?
Aids in anxiety and sleep and seizure
What are problems associated with these meds?
Sleepwalking, sleep eating, driving while in semi waking state
Types of inhalants?
Nitrous oxide, glue, whippets, spray cans
Dangers of inhalants?
Kidney damage, liver damage, nerve damage, headaches, death by suffocation
How do we identify benzos and barbs?
-benzos end in -am
-barbs end in -al
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