70 terms

Lab 5

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Vertebral Column Components
Body
Spinous Process
Vertebral Foramen (Canal)
Superior Articular Process
Superior Articular Facet
Inferior Articular Process
Inferior Articular Facet
Transverse Process
Intervertebral Foramen
Body (Vertebral Column)
Thick oval segment of bone forming the front of the vertebrae
Spinous Process
Attachment for muscles that move the vertebral column and for ligaments that stabilize it
Vertebral Foramen (Canal)
Houses the spinal cord
Superior Articular Process
Attachment for the triangular sacrum
Superior Articular Facet
Articulates with the spine, links spine together, joints
Inferior Articular Process
Attachment for the coccyx
Inferior Articular Facet
Articulates with the superior articular processes of the vertebra to form movable joints
Transverse Process (Vertebral Column)
Attachment for muscles that move the vertebral column and for ligaments that stabilize it
Intervertebral Foramen
Passageway for the spinal nerves issuing from the spinal cord
Cervical Vertebrae Components
Atlas (C1)
Axis (C2)
Dens
Transverse Foramen
Atlas (C1)
Articulates with occipital condyles of the skull and
Axis (C2)
Form joints with the inferior articular facets
Has body and other typical vertebral processes
Dens
Fuses with the axis during embryonic development
Pivot for the rotation of the atlas
Allows you to rotate your head from side to side to indicate "no"
Transverse Foramen
Passageway for vertebral arteries to service the brain
Thoracic Vertebrae Components
Superior Demifacet
Inferior Demifacet
Whole facet for head of rib
Facet for tubercle of rib
Superior Demifacet
Articulates with the head of its own rib
Located laterally on bodies of T2 to T9
Inferior Demifacet
Articulates with the head of the rib inferior to it
Located laterally on bodies of T2 to T9
Whole Facet for Head of Rib
Articulates with the heads of the ribs
Location: T2 to T9
Facet for Tubercle of Rib
Articulates with tubercles (small rounded processes) of the ribs
Location: Transverse process, off the right and left side of each vertebrae
Sacrum Components
Sacral canal
Auricular surface
Median sacral crest
Sacral foramina
Apex
Sacral hiatus
Sacral cornua
Base
Sacral Canal
Passageway for the vertebral canal
Auricular Surface (Sacrum)
Articulates sacrum with the two hip bones to form the sacroiliac joints
Median Sacral Crest
Attachment for supraspinous ligament
Sacral Foramina
Passageway for blood vessels and anterior rami of the sacral spinal nerves
Apex
Articulates with first bone of the coccyx
Sacral Hiatus
Passageway for nerves and blood vessels
Sacral Cornua
Articulates with the coccygeal cornua
Base
Articulates superiorly with the fifth lumbar vertebra and its associated intervertebral disc
Coccyx Components
Coccygeal cornea
Transverse process
Coccygeal Cornua
Attachment for gluteus maximus
Transverse Process (Coccyx)
Attachment for spinal ligaments and spinal muscles
Sternum Components
Manubrium
Body
Xiphoid
Manubrium
Articulates with the clavicles laterally and below this, the first two pairs of ribs
Body (Sternum)
Articulates with costal cartilages of the second to seventh ribs
Xiphoid
Attachment for some abdominal muscles
Typical Ribs Components
Head
Articular facets
Neck tubercle
Angle
Body
Costal cartilage
Head (Typical/Atypical Ribs)
Attachment for costal facets of thoracic vertebrae
Articular Facets
Articulates with occipital condyles of the skull
Neck Tubercle (Typical/Atypical Ribs)
Attachment for transverse costal facet
Angle
Forms the most posterior portion of the thoracic cavity
Body (Typical/Atypical Ribs)
Joined by costal cartilages to the sternum
Costal Cartilage
Attachment for cartilage of the next higher rib
Floating (vertebral) ribs
Atypical Ribs Components
Ribs 1, 2
Head
Tubercle
Body
Ribs 11, 12 (Floating ribs)
Ribs 1, 2
Articulates with thoracic vertebrae
Ribs 11, 12
Articulates with the vertebrae
Pectoral Girdle Components
Clavicle
Conoid tubercle
Spine
Supraspinous fossa
Infraspinous fossa
Glenoid cavity
Coracoid process
Acromion process
Subscapular fossa
Clavicle
Articulates with the scapula
Conoid Tubercle
Attachment for a ligament that connects the clavicle to the scapula
Spine (Pectoral Girdle)
Attachment for the acromion process
Supraspinous Fossa
Attachment for the scapula
Infraspinous Fossa
Attachment for scapula
Glenoid Cavity
Articulates with humerus of arm forming the shoulder joint
Cora could Process
Attachment for the bicep muscles of the arm
Acromion Process
Articulates with lateral ending of the spine; acromial end of clavicle
Subscapular Fossa
Attachment for scapula, shallow concave; laying within our muscles
Pelvic Girdle Components
Ilium
Wing (ala)
Iliac crest
Auricular surface
Ischium
Spine
Ischial tuberosity
Pubis
Symphysis pubis
Acetabulum
Obturator foramen
Greater/"false" pelvis
Lesser/"true" pelvis
Ilium
Attachment for the head of the femur
Wing (ala)
Attachment for iliac crest
Iliac Crest
attachment for quadratus lumborum
Auricular Surface (Pelvic Girdle)
Attachment for same-named surface of the sacrum form "sacroiliac point"
Ischium
Attachment for superior ilium and inferior ramus
Spine (Pelvic Girdle)
Attachment for sacrospinas ligament running from the sacrum
Ischial Tuberosity
Attachment for ischial tuberosity
Pubis
Attachment for urinary bladder
Symphysis Pubis
Bodies of 2 pubic bones are joined by a fibrocartilage disc forming midline of pubic symphysis joint
Acetabulum
Articulates with concave surface of pelvis, head of femur meets
Obturator Foramen
Passageway for nerves and vessels
Greater/"False" Pelvis
Portion superior to the pelvic brim, oval ridge that runs from the pubic crest
Lesser/"True" Pelvis
Inferior portion to the pelvic brim that is surrounded by bone