Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
BESL 3301 Midterm Review
Terms in this set (71)
Dimensions of the Prism Model
Represents a uniquely holistic way to frame and better understand the differential learning needs of CLD students, as well as the many adjustment and process difficulties faced by this population. (Hint: It's a model with 4 interrelated dimensions.)
One of the four dimensions of the CLD student biography that consists of all of the surrounding social and cultural processes that occur throughout everyday life - home, school, community and the broader society, and how these feed into the student's second language. (The "heart" of the prism model - covers all contexts.)
One of the four dimensions of the CLD student biography that involves the apparent aspects of the curriculum and instruction that students receive from pre-K to high school graduation and beyond. Includes an understanding of the hidden aspects of engagement that help students overcome challenges related to curriculum, instruction, and academic policy. (The type of schooling that a CLD student receives plays an important role in determining their success.)
One of the four dimensions of the CLD student biography that involves the multiple ways in which teachers capitalize on what students know as well as understanding their thinking processes, and ways in which they apply their learning. (Students' background knowledge affects their brain development. Example: Spending time with family, Previous schooling or a lack of, etc.)
One of the four dimensions in the CLD student biography that emphasizes the CLD students' language proficiency in both the first language and the second language within the scope of comprehension, communication, and expression. (Tests a students' proficiency level in both languages.)
The process of adjusting to a new or non-native culture.
ELL vs. LEP
English Language Learner (what we use now) vs. Limited English Proficient (considered a negative term, not as commonly used anymore)
Instructional Models for ELL's
- Transitional Bilingual Education
- Maintenance Bilingual Education
- ESL pullout
- Dual Language or Two-Way Immersion
- Sheltered Instruction (S.I.O.P.)
Transitional Bilingual Education
Program that allows students to learn in both languages but lasts only 2-3 years. Goal: to get them into English classes as quickly as possible.
Maintenance Bilingual Education
Program where students learn in both languages for 5-6 years. Goal: bi-literacy and bilingualism.
When they pull students out of class to teach them English. Common in Texas. Proven to be ineffective.
Dual Language or Two-Way Immersion
Program that offers integrated language and instruction to both CLD (Culturally and Linguistically Diverse) students and native English speakers for at least 5-6 years. Goal: multilingualism.
Sheltered Instruction (SIOP)
A vehicle for delivering scaffolded instruction of the existing curriculum so that it is more comprehensible for English language learners. Goal: provide support for ELL students; teach language and content.
When they first place a child in a new language environment, the child "shuts down" and enters a _________ __________ . This is the first stage in Krashen's Stages of Second-Language Acquisition. It lasts about 6 months.
Sets with similar terms
MTEL ESL Study Guide
ESL Applied Linguistics MTEL
Contemporary Linguistics: Chapter 10
Other sets by this creator
ELAR Competency 1: Oral Language
Stages of language development
PPR Comp 001-Human Development
PPR Comp 013-Law and Ethical Issues