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Section Vocabulary


The administration of an oil or ointment to, to put oil put on someone's head; this shows that God has chosen the person for a special task.

Charles Martel

Carolingian monarch of Franks; responsible for defeating Muslims in battle of Tours in 732; ended Muslim threat to western Europe.


The concept of a spiritual kingdom extending from Rome during the Middle Ages.


5th century Frankish leader of a large kingdom who converted to Christianity.


A religious residence especially for nuns.


Germanic people who settled in the Roman province of Gaul and established a great empire during the Middle Ages.

Gregory I

Pope who broadened the authority of the papacy, or pope's office, beyond spiritual role; papacy became secular power involved in politics.

Illuminated Manuscripts

Another term for the illustrated books hand copied by monks which were elaborately decorated, very rare, and very highly prized in medieval society.

Mayor of the Palace

Governor who took care of the day to day affairs of the Merovingians (Frankish) kings.

Middle Ages

Also known as the medieval period, it is the time between the collapse of the Roman Empire in the fifth century AD and the beginning of the Renaissance in the fourteenth century.


A person who spreads his or her religious beliefs to others.


A place where people, especially men known as monks, live a religious life.


A man who has taken a solemn vow to devote his life to prayer and service in a monastery.


Geographic area during the Middle Ages in the care of a single priest and serving the congregation.


Matters concerned with the worldly rather than spiritual / non- religious.

St. Benedict

The founder of a monastery in Northern Italy in the 6th century who wrote a set of instructions governing the lives of monks that was used by monasteries across Europe.


A city in France where a battle took place that stopped the advance of Islam into Western Europe.

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