Total Health - Chapter 5
Terms in this set (42)
Any condition that negatively affects the normal function of the mind or body.
infectious disease (communicable diseases)
All diseases that are caused by the spread of germs (pathogens).
Microorganisms that cause disease.
One-celled organisms that come in many shapes and grow everywhere. 90% beneficial. Only 10% cause diseases.
Produce toxins when they infect.
Smaller in size than bacteria and responsible for more infections than any other pathogen.
Cause infections by attacking individual cells.
An organism that usually causes diseases of the skin. Enter body through spores in the air.
One-celled animals (like amoebas). Some can cause diseases
Four factors of the infectious disease process
1. The pathogen (germ that infects)
2. Source of pathogen (host)
3. How pathogen is spread
4. New host
The period of time from which a person becomes infected with a microorganism to the time when the actually have symptoms allowing them to recognize the disease.
a person who is carrying the germ but does not seem to be suffering from the illness
The ability to fight the invading germ.
Those diseases that develop suddenly with symptoms that are often severe
diseases that develop gradually and may persist for years.
a substance to which a persons body is particularly sensitive
2. mucus membranes
3. vomiting or diarrhea
The group of organs and cells that works with the lymphatic system to fight germs, AKA the body's natural resistance.
Special protiens produced by the lymphocytes n response to a foreign substance in the body
Vessels that circulate a special body fluid called lymph. Carry lymphocytes.
White blood cells manufactured by the lymph nodes to travel through the lymphatic system to fight off germs
Lymphocytes that make antibodies that attack germ cells
Lymphocytes that fight germs by several ways that are different than the way B-cells fight germs
manufactures & stores white blood cells
A mixture of weakened or killed germs given orally (by mouth) or through an injection
the process by which the body maintains a constant internal environment despite the external changes
The changes in the body that signal that a particular disease is present.
inflammation of the lungs caused by virus or bacteria
infectious disease marked by increased numbers of leukocytes (white blood cells) and enlarged lymph nodes. `Extreme fatigue. "Kissing disease"
inflammation of the liver
Inflammation of the liver caused by a virus that is spread through fecally-contaminated food, water, or objects.
A shot of protein that gives protection against the hepatitis disease
infamation of the liver that is caused by a virus that is spread through
direct contact with the infected person or through infected needles.
the most common, yet the most difficult to discover STD in the US
Incapable of producing offspring. May occur in either male or female.
the next common STD after chlamydia. sometimes called "the preventer of life" because it can cause sterility in both male and female.
The least common, yet most dangerous of the STD's. Sometimes called "The great imitator" because it looks like so many other diseases.
Herpes simplex II
A STD that causes a painful rash on the genitals
The diseases that pass through one person to another through sexual contact.
a result of HIV
The virus that causes aids.
Those diseases that do not normally affect a person with a healthy immune system, but do take advantage of a person with AIDS
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Chapter 5 (Diseases)