Chapter 27 Imperialism

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1. In his book Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis, the Reverend Josiah Strong advocated American expansion:

to spread American religions and values

2. By the 1890s, the U.S. was bursting with a new sense of power generated by an increase in:

-industrial production
(all of the above)

3. A major factor in the shift in American foreign policy toward imperialism in the late nineteenth century was:

the need for overseas markets for increased industrial and agricultural production

4. The 1889 Pan-American Conference resulted in:

the lowering of tariff barriers between participating nations

5. U.S. naval captain Alfred Thayer Mahan argued that:

control of the sea was the key to the U.S.' world domination

6. The numerous near-wars and diplomatic crises of the U.S. in the late 1880s and 1890s demonstrated:

the aggressive new national mood

7. To justify American intervention in the Venezuela boundary dispute with Britain, Secretary of State Olney invoked the:

Monroe Doctrine

8. During the boundary dispute between Venezuela and Britain, the US:

supported the Venezuelan claim

9. One reason that the British submitted their border dispute with Venezuela to arbitration was:

their growing tensions with German made settlement seem wise

10.The Venezuela boundary dispute was settled by:

Arbitration of the Venezuelan and British claims

11. As a result of the settlement of the Venezuelan and boundary dispute:

Latin American nations were pleased by the determination of the U.S. to protect them

12. Hawaii's Queen Liliuokalani was removed from power because:

she insisted that native Hawaiians should control Hawaii

13. Of the following, the individual who had the least enthusiasm for the U.S. imperialistic adventures was the 19th century ended was:

Grover Cleveland

14. The question of the annexation of __________________ touched off the first major imperialistic debate in American history.


15. President Grover Cleveland rejected the effort to annex Hawaii because:

a majority of native Hawaiians opposed annexation to the U.S.

16. In an attempt to persuade Spain to leave Cuba or to encourage the U.S. to help Cuba to gain its independence, Cuban insurrections:

burned the cane fields and sugar mills

17. Americans favored providing aid to the Cuban revolutionaries for all of the following reasons except:

anger at Spain's destruction of the sugar cane and sugar mills

18. The battleship Maine was sent to Cuba to:

protect and evacuate American citizens

19. The battleship Maine was sunk by:

an explosion on the ship

20. President William McKinley asked Congress to declare war on Spain mainly because the:

American people demanded it

21. The U.S. declared war on Spain even though the Spanish had already agreed to:

sign an armistice with the Cuban rebels

22. The Teller Amendment:

guaranteed the independence of Cuba

23. American military strength during the Spanish American War came mainly from:

its new steel navy

24. A major weakness of Spain in the Spanish American War was:

the wretched condition of its navy

25. The Philippine nationalist who led the insurrection against both Spanish rule and U.S. occupation was:

Emilio Aguinaldo

26. When the U.S. captured the Philippines from Spain:

Hawaii was annexed by the U.S.

27. The 'Rough Riders,' organized principally by Teddy Roosevelt:

were commanded by Colonel Leonard Wood

28. During the Spanish American War, the entire Spanish fleet was destroyed at the Battle of:


29. When the U.S. invaded Puerto Rico during the Spanish American War:

most of the population greeted the invaders as liberating heroes

30. The greatest loss of life for American fighting men during the Spanish American War resulted from:

sickness in both Cuba and the U.S.

31. At the time, the most controversial event associated with the Spanish American War was the:

acquisition of the Philippines

32. All of the following became possessions of the U.S. under the provisions of the Treaty of Paris except:


33. President McKinley justified American acquisition of the Philippines primarily by emphasizing that

there was no acceptable alternative to their acquisition

34. American imperialists who advocated acquisition of the Philippines especially stressed:

their economic potential for American trading profits

35. Anti-imperialists presented all of the following arguments against acquiring the Philippine Islands except that:

the islands were still rightfully Spain's, for they were taken after the armistice had been signed

36. Starting in 1917, many Puerto Ricans came to the mainland U.S. seeking:


37. As to whether American laws applied to the territory acquired in the Spanish American War, the Supreme Court decided that:

American laws did not necessarily apply

38. The U.S. gained a virtual right of intervention in Cuba in the:

Platt Amendment

39. By acquiring the Philippine Islands at the end of the Spanish American War, the U.S:

-assumed rule over millions of Asian people
-became a full-fledged East Asian power
-assumed commitments that would be difficult to defend
-developed popular support for a big navy
(all of the above)

40. Arrange the following events in chronological order (A) American declaration of war on Spain, (B) sinking of the Maine, (C) passage of the Teller Amendment, (D) passage of the Platt Amendment:

Sinking Maine, War with Spain, Teller Ammendment, Platt Ammendment

1. In 1899, an insurrection began in the Philippines because:

the U.S. refused to give the Filipino people their freedom

2. The Philippine insurrection was finally broken in 1901 when:

Emilio Aguinaldo, the Filipino leader, was captured

3. The war fought by American troops in the Philippines against the Filipinos:

caused the Americans to use the reconcentration camps

4. President McKinley's policy of 'benevolent assimilation' in the Philippines:

was not appreciated by the Filipinos

5. When Filipinos came to the U.S., they worked mainly as:

agricultural laborers

6. Many Americans became concerned about the increasing foreign intervention in China because they:

feared that Chinese markets would be monopolized by European manufacturers and exporters

7. America's initial Open Door policy was essentially an argument for:

free trade

8. China's Boxer Rebellion was an attempt to:

throw out or kill all foreigners

9. In response to the Boxer Rebellion, the U.S:

abandoned its time-honored principles of non-entanglement and non-involvement

10. Once the Boxer uprising ended:

China was spared further partition by foreign powers

11. Teddy Roosevelt received the Republican vice-presidential nomination in 1900 mainly because:

the nomination would remove him from the governorship of New York

12. When extended, the Open Door policy called on all bid powers, including the U.S., to:

observe the territorial integrity of China

13. Just before his nomination for vice president on the Republican ticket in 1900, Theodore Roosevelt served as:

governor of New York

14. In the 1900 presidential election, the Democratic party and its candidate, William Jennings Bryan, insisted that _______________ was the 'paramount issue' of the campaign.


15. As a vice-presidential candidate in 1900, Theodore Roosevelt appealed especially to:


16. The Republicans won the 1900 election mainly because of

the prosperity achieved during McKinley's first term

17. Theodore Roosevelt can best be described as:

energetic and self-righteous

18. As President, Theodore Roosevelt was:

willing to compromise

19. While President, Theodore Roosevelt did all of the following except:

refuse to ignore the Constitution, even when tempted to do so

20. Construction of an isthmian canal was motivated mainly by:

a desire to improve the defense of the U.S.

21. The British gave up their opposition to an American-controlled isthmian canal because they:

confronted an unfriendly Europe and were bogged down in the Boer War

22. The alternative route to Panama seriously considered as the location for a canal between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans was:


23. The U.S. entered the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty with _______________, the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty with ________________, and the Gentlemen's Agreement with _________________.

Panama; Britain; Japan

24. The U.S. gained a perpetual lease on the Panama Canal Zone in the:

Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty

25. The Colombian Senate rejected the treaty with the U.S. for a canal zoned because:

the U.S. was not paying the Columbian government enough money

26. Theodore Roosevelt's role in the Panamanian Revolution involved:

using American naval forces to block Colombian troops from crossing the isthmus and crushing the revolt

27. The revolution in Panama began when:

a Chinese civilian and a donkey were killed

28. Theodore Roosevelt wanted an isthmian canal constructed quickly because:

the presidential election of 1904 was approaching

29. During the building of the Panama Canal, all of the following difficulties were encountered except:

guerilla warfare waged by Panamanian rebels against the U.S.

30. Theodore Roosevelt defended his building of the Panama Canal by claiming that:

he had received a 'mandate from civilization'

31. American involvement in the affairs of Latin American nations at the turn of the century usually stemmed from:

the fact that they were chronically in debt

32. The Roosevelt Corollary added a new provision to the Monroe Doctrine that was especially designed to:

justify U.S. intervention in the affairs of Latin American nations

33. Theodore Roosevelt promoted the 'Bad Neighbor' policy primarily by:

adding the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine

34. The United States' frequent intervention in the affairs of Latin American nations in the early 20th century:

left a legacy of ill will and distrust of the U.S. throughout Latin America

35. In 1904, the Russo-Japanese War started because:

Russia seemed ready to take control of Chinese Manchuria

36. Theodore Roosevelt became involved in the peace settlement for the Russo-Japanese War:

when Japan secretly asked him to help

37. President Roosevelt organized a conference in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in 1905 to:

mediate a conclusion to the Russo-Japanese War

38. As a result of the Russo-Japanese War:

Japan won a territorial concession on Sakhalin Island

39. The 'Gentlemen's Agreement' that Theodore Roosevelt worked out with the Japanese:

caused Japan to halt the flow of laborers to America in return for the repeal of a racist school decree by San Francisco School Board

40. Japanese immigrants first entered U.S. territory to work as:

laborers on Hawaii's sugar plantations

41. In the Root-Takahira agreement of 1908:

the U.S. and Japan agreed to respect each other's territorial holdings in the Pacific

42. A group of historians known as the 'New Left' revisionists argues that the U.S. introduced a new style of foreign policy that:

shunned foreign territorial possession but sought economic dominance of foreign markets and investments

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