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LAB PRACTICAL #1
Terms in this set (126)
releases hormones, and controls anterior pituitary gland.
pituitary gland (adenohypophysis)
has ACTH, HGH, PROLACTIN, TSH, FSH, AND LH
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
controls 3 adrenal cortex hormones.
Human Growth Hormone (HGH)
bones and muscle growth
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
controls thyroid gland
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
stimulates production of ova and sperm
Lutenizing hormone (LH)
Females- triggers ovulation and stimulates ovarian production of estrogen and progesterone
Males- stimulates testosterone production
Neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary)
stores two hormones made by the hypothamalus, oxytocin and antiduretic hormone (adh)
uterine contractions and milk ejection
Antudiuretic hormone (adh)
conserves water, concentrates urine.
produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat, and bone growth (thyroxine and calcitonin)
Thyroxine (T3 and T4)
inside thyroid that controls metabolic rate.
lowers blood calcium levels
produces parathyroid hormone (PTH)
increases blood calcium levels
has what is called islets of langerhans, which produces insulin and glucagon. also has endocrine and exocrine glands.
lowers blood glucose levels
raises blood glucose levels
includes adrenal Cortex, adrenal medulla. sits on top of the kidneys.
the outer portion of the adrenal glands, produces aldosterone, glucocorticoids, and androgens.
retains na and water, raises bp
depresses inflammatory and immune responses
source of sex hormones in pre and post reproductive years.
produces epinephrine and norepinephrine
epinephrine and norepinephrine
prolongs and enhances "fight or flight" response
Interstitial cells make testosterone/sperm when stimulated by FSH and LH from the pituitary gland.
maintains reproductive organs and breasts. maintain the endometrial lining.
cardiac muscle histology
branched and striated.
layers of the heart wall
epicardium, myocardium, endocardium
chambers of the heart
the whole left side of the heart contains what kind of blood?
the whole right side of the heart contains what kind of blood?
roots of trees, only in ventricles
inter ventricular septum
atrioventricular valves and semilunar valves
tricuspid and bicuspid
pulmonary valve and aortic valve
holding and supporting valves. only in valves.
between trabeculae carnae and chordae tendinae
blood vessels entering the right atrium
superior vena cava, inferior vena cava and coronary sinus
blood vessels exiting the right ventricles to enter the lungs
a part of the pulmonary trunk (right and left pulmonary arteries) going to the lungs
blood vessels entering the left atrium from the lungs
right and left pulmonary veins, lungs to the left atrium
blood vessels exiting the left ventricle
ascending aorta. aortic arch.
right and left coronary artery - two holes that provide blood to the heart on aorta.
connects arch of aorta and pulmonary trunk
remnant of foramen ovale, in the right atrium.
goes off right coronary artery, towards right ventricle
posterior interventricular artery
back of the right ventricle
anterior interventricular artery
goes off left coronary artery, towards left ventricle.
back of the left ventricle
intrinsic cardiac conduction system
pink layer inside
red middle layer, smooth muscle
protect bv from outside
Branches off the left ventricle; carries oxygen rich blood to parts of the body above the heart
The first large artery arising from the aortic arch. It carries oxygenated blood to the neck, head, and right forelimb. then attaches the right subclavian and right common carotid artery.
left common carotid
left side of head and neck
left subclavian artery
Third branch of the aortic arch that distributes blood to the left arm
part of the aorta the descends from the aortic arch through the thorax to the diaphragm
internal common carotid
Inside skull, joins Circle of Willis
external common carotid
outside the skull
(3 branches) Large unpaired branch of the abdominal aorta that supplies the liver, stomach, and spleen.
left gastric artery
going to tummy
common hepatic artery
going to liver
going to spleen
superior mesenteric artery
provides blood to the small intestine
going to kidney
Supplies blood to the male and female gonads
inferior mesenteric artery
provide blood to the large intestine
common iliac artery
going down from the abdominal aorta
external iliac artery
going down toward leg
internal iliac artery
going down toward pelvis
posterior tibial artery
anterior tibial artery
going off posterior tibial artery
on ankle thats circlish
in front of the ankle, on the dorsal side
Digital Arteries in Foot
going to the toes
superior vena cava
inferior vena cava
internal jugular vein
side of the brain to the heart, inside vein
external jugular vein
side of the head to the heart, outside vein
either of the two veins that returns blood from the arms to the heart
the v shape toward the middle
outside of the arm
inside of arm
median cubital vein
vein to draw blood, v shape by the elbow
greater saphenous vein
inner leg, longest vein in the Body
pulmonary veins = ANY RED
pulmonary arteries= ANY BLUE
arterial supply of the brain
spleen=left side by elbow.
lymph node=yellow balls
lymphatic vessels=yellow lines
atrial depolarization (contraction of atrium)
ventricular depolarization, contraction of ventricles
AV conduction time
sounds of korotkoff
slowly releasing pressure.
low blood pressure
high blood pressure
pressure in arteries at peak of ventricular ejection. highest (contracts)
pressure during ventricular relaxation. lowest (relaxed)
the difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure during a contraction
produced by a pressure wave in the arterial system as a result of the contraction of the left ventricle
major pulse points of the body
radial, temporal, carotid, femoral, and dorsal pedis artery
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