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Increases, Increases

Aerobic exercise _______ the body's production of serotonin and ______ its production of the endorphins.

Headaches, ulcers, hypertension, and heart disease

__________________________ are psychophysiological illnesses.


The role of repressed childhood conflicts in personality disorders is most clearly emphasized by the _________ perspective.

Unconscious wishes

Freud thought that the part of a dream that we remember is a censored version of ___________.


Bonnie is afraid to express anger at her overbearing and irritating supervisor at work, so she is critical of her children instead. A psychoanalyst would suggest that Bonnie's reaction to her children illustrates __________.

Collective unconsciousness

Carl Jung emphasized the importance of ____________________ in personality functioning.


Hermann Rorschach introduced what has become the most widely used__________ test.


Abraham Maslow suggested that individuals who are open, spontaneous, and not paralyzed by others' opinions illustrate ________________.

a positive self-concept

Humanistic psychology has been most closely associated with an emphasis on the importance of __________________.

Factor analysis

Psychologists use _____________ to assess whether a cluster of characteristics that includes ambitions, determination, persistence, and self-reliance reflects a single personality trait.


One of the big 5 personality factors is _______________.

the most pervasive characteristics of one's personality

In Allport's view, cardinal traits are ________________.

External locus of control

Marcy believes that the outcome of athletic contests depends so much on luck that it hardly pays to put any effort into her own athletic training. Her belief most clearly illustrates _________________.

Five factor model

The most widely adopted trait model of personality today is the _____________.

Removal of sections of bone from the skull

The operation procedure of trephination refers to ________________.


Brian often interrupts his teacher while she is speaking and frequently forgets to complete his homework assignments. He also has difficulty taking turns in playground games with classmates. Brian most clearly exhibits symptoms of __________________.


______________is an example of the diathesis-stress model.

Panic disorder

Symptoms that may be misperceived as a heart attack are most characteristic of _________________.


An example of an anxiety disorder is ____________.

The medical model

At one time, disordered people were simply warehoused in asylums. These were replaced with psychiatric hospitals in which attempts were made to diagnose and cure those with psychological disorders. This best illustrates one of the beneficial consequences of _________________.

Post-tramatic stress disorder

Years after he barely survived a terrorist attack that killed his wife and two children, Mr. Puskari suffers recurring flashbacks and frequent nightmares of the event that render him incapable of holding a steady job. Mr. Puskari is most clearly showing signs of ________________.

A mood disorder

Elaine feels that her life is empty, has lost all interest in her career and hobbies, and wonders if she would be better off dead. She is most likely suffering from ______________.


Without success, Maxine spends hours each day trying to suppress intrusive thoughts that she might have forgotten to lock her house when she left for work. Her experience is most symptomatic of __________________.

Mania phase

Mr. Hoffman has always been cautious with his money but over the past two weeks he has developed grandiose plans to bet his entire life savings on a single horse race. With unrestrained exuberance he has also been giving everybody he sees unsolicited advice on how to make millions in the stock market. Mr. Hoffman's behavior is most indicative of his _________.

A phobia

Although mark realizes that his behavior is unreasonable, he is so alarmed by high bridges or expressway overpasses that he avoids them by taking an unnecessarily length route to and from work each day. Mark appears to suffer from _________________.

Serotonin and norepinephrine

Antidepressants typically work on ______________.


Mrs. Higgins believes that aliens from another planet have removed her stomach and are watching her to see how long it takes her to grow another one. Mrs. Higgins is most likely suffering from _______________.


Symptoms of schizophrenia begin to appear at a median age of about _______.


Oxygen deprivation at the time of birth is a known risk factor for ________________.

Conversion disorder

A loss of physical function that has no organic cause is the primary symptom of ____________.

Viral infections

Relationship between the season of the year in which people are born and their subsequent risk of schizophrenia best highlights the role of _____________ in this disorder.

Antisocial personality disorder

Kyle is extremely manipulative and can look anyone in the eye and lie convincingly. His deceit often endangers the safety and well-being of those around him, but he is indifferent to any suffering they might experience as a result of his actions. His behavior best illustrates _______________.

Somataform disorders

Physical complaints that cannot be explained medically are characteristic of ______________.


During her weekly therapy sessions, Sabrina will often abruptly shift the focus of her attention and lose her train of thought. A psychoanalyst would suggest that this illustrates ________________.


Schizophrenia may involve imbalances in the __________ neurotransmitter system.

Systematic desensitization

To help Adam reduce his fear of dogs, a therapist encourages him to physically relax and then simply imagine that he is walking toward a friendly and harmless little dog. The therapist's technique best illustrates ___________________.


If a patient suffers uncontrollable seizures, physicians can destroy specific nerve clusters that cause or transmit the convulsions. This best illustrates a procedure known as _________________.


_____________is a selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor.


Miranda, who experiences periods of extreme sadness followed by episodes of optimistic overexcitement, is most likely to benefit from _____________.


Waxy flexibility is a feature of the______________ type of schizophrenia.

Antianxiety drugs

Minor tranquilizer drugs are also called _______________.

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