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Terms in this set (30)
created the "forgetting curve"- much of what we learn we may quickly forget, course of forgetting is initially rapid then levels off with time; learned lists of nonsense syllabus and measured how much he retained when relearning each lists
A measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier, as on a fill-in-the-blank test.
a measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned, as on a multiple-choice test
serial position effect
our tendency to recall best the last (a recency effect) and first items (a primacy effect) in a list
tendency to remember words at the end of a list especially well
tendency to remember words at the beginning of a list especially well
a mnemonic system in which items to be remembered are associated with a set of mental pegs already in memory, such as key words of a rhyme
the tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention than is achieved through massed study or practice
activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the seven digits of a phone number while dialing, before the information is stored or forgotten
organizing items into familiar, manageable units; often occurs automatically
A word formed from the first letter of each word in a series
A category of long-term memory that involves the recollection of specific events, situations and experiences.
that eerie sense that "I've experienced this before." Cues from the current situation may subconsciously trigger retrieval of an earlier experience.
memory aids, especially those techniques that use vivid imagery and organizational devices
memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and "declare"
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information
incorporating misleading information into one's memory of an event
memories that have been unconsciously blocked due to the memory being associated with a high level of stress or trauma
the disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of old information
loss of memory
the processing of information into the memory system—for example, by extracting meaning.
the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system. Includes knowledge, skills, and experiences.
a newer understanding of short-term memory that focuses on conscious, active processing of incoming auditory and visual-spatial information, and of information retrieved from long-term memory
physical change in the brain that occurs when a memory is formed
a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli; a photographic or picture-image memory lasting no more than a few tenths of a second
attributing to the wrong source an event we have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined
the process of getting information out of memory storage
the tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's current good or bad mood
Sensory memory that decays more slowly than visual sensory memory.
the disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information
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