KNES Packet 7

What portion of all deaths among those 18 and older are a result of chronic hyperkinetic diseases?
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 25
Terms in this set (25)
According to the AHA, what CRP level indicates a moderate risk for heart disease?1-3. less than 1 means low risk, and more than 3 means high risk.What is normal, healthy blood pressure?120 or less over 80 or less. Less is better, until you get down to 90/60 or so.Which number is the systolic pressure, and what does systolic mean?The top number. It is the pressure your blood exerts on artery walls when the heart beats and blood surges through the artery.Which number is the diastolic pressure, and what does diastolic mean?The bottom number. It is the pressure exerted on artery walls when the heart is resting between beats.What condition is sometimes called The Silent Killer, and why?Hypertension. Many people have it without knowing they have it, because there are no symptoms.When does high blood pressure become the disease called hypertension?It used to be 140 or more over 90 or more. In November of 2017, that was changed to 130 or more/80 or more. The hope is that more people will be caught in the earliest stages of hypertension and will change their lifestyle to prevent it (or, some cynics say, be put on drugs sooner).Which kind of diabetes is considered a chronic, hypokinetic disease?Type II diabetes. 90-95% of diabetes cases in this country are type II. Type II is largely a lifestyle disease, caused by overeating and underexercising.Obesity and type 2 diabetes are so linked that a new term has been coined to reflect that fact. What is that term?"Diabesity" In her book Diabesity: The Obesity-Diabetes Epidemic That Threatens America—And What We Must Do to Stop It, Dr. Kaufman explains the roots of diabesity quite simply: "Our ancient genes and our modern environment have collided." Our bodies store excess calories as fat. In ancient times calories were hard to come by. Today, fast food and junk food are everywhere. Coupled with our increasingly inactive lifestyle, the result is obesity.Physical activity also helps prevent osteoporosis. What is that, and how does activity help to prevent it?Brittle bone disease. Active people have greater bone density, so they are less likely to develop osteoporosis.What 5 things can we do to prevent osteoporosis?1. Eat plenty of calcium (1000 mg per day for people your age) 2. Eat plenty of vitamin D (400-800 IU per day for people your age) - calcium is better absorbed in the presence of vitamin D. 3. Do weight bearing activity, such as weight lifting or jumping rope or running or even walking, but not swimming. Biking is not very weight-bearing, either. 4. Do not smoke 5. Do not drink alcohol in excess (1-2 drinks or less per day is the recommendation)Another benefit of physical activity is that it helps to prevent back pain. Many people experience back pain that is so severe it limits their ability to function. How prevalent is severe back pain?80%How does physical activity help the immune system fight illness?It boosts the effectiveness of the immune system (special disease-fighting cells that keep us healthy). Regular moderate and some vigorous activity have been shown to reduce the incidence of colds and days of sickness from infection. Extended high performance training can jeopardize the immune system, however.What is the program called "Exercise Is Medicine" designed to do?Encourage doctors and other health care providers to include exercise when designing treatment plans for their patients. The goal is that every doctor will discuss exercise with every patient at every visit. It was started by the ACSM, and has the backing of the American Medical Association.What is BDNF and what does it do, and how can we increase it?BDNF stands for Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor. It seems to play a key role in the way exercise improves brain function. BDNF increases with cardio exercise, and it acts like fertilizer for the brain, building and maintaining the health of cells in the hippocampus.What does 'neurogenesis' mean?The creation of new brain cells (neurons). It takes place in the hippocampus, and cardio exercise encourages it, at least in lab animals. In several experiments, mice and rats who ran for several weeks had about twice as many new neurons in their hippocampus as the sedentary animals in the control group.