Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Chapter 9 test
Terms in this set (43)
the shift, beginning in England during the 18th century, from making goods by hand to making them by machine
one of the fenced in or hedged in fields created by wealthy British land owners
the system of growing a different crop in a field each year to preserve the fertility of the land
The development of industries for the machine production of goods.
factors of production
The resources; including land, labor and capital- that are needed to produce goods and services
A person who organizes, manages, and takes on the risks of a business.
A social class made up of skilled workers, professionals, business people, and wealthy farmers
A share of ownership in a corporation.
a business owned by stockholders who share in its profits but are not personally responsible for its debts
the idea that government should not interfere with or regulate industries and businesses
an economic system based on private ownership and on investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit
an economic system in which the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the welfare of all
the communist manifesto
This is the 1848 book written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels which urges an uprising by workers to seize control of the factors of production from the upper and middle classes.
the middle class, including merchants, industrialists, and professional people
an economic system in which means all of production- land, mines, factories, railroads, businesses- are owned by the people, privately property does not exist and all goods and services are shared equally
an association of workers, formed to bargain for better working conditions and higher wages
to refuse to work in order to force an employer to meet certain demands
The theory, proposed by Jeremy Bentham in the late 1700s, that government actions are useful only if they promote the greatest good for the greatest number of people.
Scottish economist who wrote the Wealth of Nations a precursor to modern Capitalism.
founder of modern communism
A German, who along with Karl Marx, wrote the Communist Manifesto
land owners tried new ways of growing things (crop rotation) large landowners forced many small farms to move or forced small farmers to get jobs in the city because of enclosures
england's natural resources
-water power and coal to fuel the machines
-rivers inland for transportation
-harbors from which merchants ships use to set sail
Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in England?
many natural resources, good economy, and political stability.
Textile Industry and how it affected to Industrial revolution?
any cloth or goods produced by weaving, knitting, or felting. the rapid making of clothing made it cheaper and created supply and demand.
new types of transportation
why did cities grow?
People moved from rural areas to urban areas in search of jobs; and becouse many factories were all in the same place
Where were most cities at this time?
Around water because many factories where water powered
People lived in small places with many people. They were not that good
Working conditions in factories
long hours, low pay, unsafe conditions, poor lighting and lack of ventilation
using children to work in factories and businesses
upper middle class
social class that consists of high income members of society who are well educated but do not belong to the elite membership of the super wealthy
lower middle class
Social stratum that developed in Britain in the 19th century and that consisted of people employed in the service sector as clerks, salespeople, secretaries, police officers, and the like; by 1900, this group comprised about 20 percent of Britain's population
Long lasting effects of the industrial revolution
Gave Europe more power, changed aspects of society, growth of middle class, made more competition between countries and many more people living in cities
A collection of businesses with a common line of products or services
What countries did the industrial revolution spread too?
The US and Western Europe
Mine Act of 1842
English law prohibiting underground work for all women and girls as well as for boys under ten.
The ten hour act of 1847
The Factory Act of 1847, also known as the Ten Hours Act was a United Kingdom Act of Parliament which restricted the working hours of women and young persons (13-18) in textile mills to 10 hours per day.
Why did members of unions go on strike?
So they would cost the employer money and take away their labor and hope they would compromise about and issues the workers were having
How did the industial revolution affect slavery?
It got banned; but it was becoming cheaper to use factories and thus not as much physical labor and then no more need for the slaves
Railroads in the US
happened in the 1850's. it helped to bring economic growth to the cities nearest the railroads.
Why did some countries not indurailize as fast as others?
Because they lacked the resources
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
The Industrial Revolution Chapter 25 Study Guide
World History Ch. 9
Industrial Revolution Test
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
2nd semester final exam- history
2nd semester final exam-literary devices
Chapter 11 history
chapter 7 test- history