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Terms in this set (49)
4 main sources of theology
Scripture, Experience, Reason, Tradition
Inspiration, Inerrancy, Infallibility, Incarnational
Handing over/ History of the Church
The mental capacity or power to use the human mind in reaching and establishing truth
That which arises out of traveling through life
Catholic's view of Scripture
Church has Authority
Protestant view of Scripture
Scripture has Authority
little value, no reflection
take the tools of professional theologians to educate folk and lay Christians
The theology we receive through osmosis as we engage in Christian life and practices
The theology that emerges from reflection and analysis of embedded theology
Doctrine of God's Providence
God is in charge and purposefully, powerfully guides nature and history that His will always triumphs
3 Christian Views
• Meticulous Providence
• Limited Providence
• Open Theism
• Process Theology
What do Communicable attributes and Incommunicable attributes of God mean?
Communicable: Goodness- Those attributes God shares or "communicates" with us
Incommunicable: Greatness- Those attributes that God doesn't share or "communicate" to others
What's the basic premise of Aquinas's five ways?
the world mirrors God; signs of the ordering of the world are the basis for the existence of a creator God
Aquinas identified pointers toward the existence of God from general human existence
What's the ontological argument's main idea?
God is which that than which no greater thing can be conceived
What is the main idea of Kalam argument?
The beginning of the universe must have a cause and the cause is God
What is the dilemma in Divine Revelation?
Infinite, invisible God; but finite humans
What is General and Special Revelation?
GR: God has made himself known to all human beings everywhere
SR: God has made known the specifics of his nature, character, and purpose for humankind through Jesus Christ, his unique Son and ultimate self-revelation, through the Holy Spirit, and through inspired Scripture
John Calvin said just as a parent accommodates a child when explaining life, God also accommodates us - speaks at our level. Sort of a divine "baby-talk"
via negativa - God is not hate
via positiva - God is love
attributing human characteristics to God (God's "hands and feet", God's "face", etc)
God is like a Father
I am who I am
What is the Christian consensus about the Nature of God
Special & General Revelation
What are the 3 ways we reflect the Image of God
Body, Soul and Spirit
Be familiar with implications for Creation in Genesis 1 & 2
Know the false views of creation and the Christian views in response to Darwin
Christian views in response to Darwin:
1. Young Earth Creationism
2. Old Earth Creationism/Progressive Creationism
3. Theistic Evolution/Evolutionary Creationism/Biologos
4. Intelligent Design
The study of God
God works through persuasion - He is in process with Creation. God can influence creation but He does not intervene
The Bible is completely trustworthy. It can not and will not fail in its ultimate purpose of revealing God and the way of salvation to human beings.
God's natural laws govern the universe, God does not intervene (like a watchmaker builds a watch and lets it run, God made the world and let is run)
God is incapable of suffering or being affected by anything.
a term that historically expresses the church's call for emphasis on correct opinion or belief.
(Sovereign) God is able to do all His holy will. God can do anything He sets His mind to
Plenary view of inspiration
All parts of Scripture are inspired, but it places more emphasis upon the human role of people in writing the Bible. For example: this view places greater emphasis upon the literary and historical context in which biblical authors wrote. But God so thoroughly guided the writing process that the very words of the authors are those that God intended them to write. The words are inspired by God, but God did not change their intelligence or understanding.
Mechanical Dictation View of Inspiration
God dictated the very words of Scripture recorded by human authors. Human beings are mere robotic secretaries of the Holy Spirit.
Dynamic view of inspiration
God inspired the Scriptures, thought by thought—rather than word for word. The human authors received God's thoughts but communicated them in their own words, using their own styles and expressions. This dynamic view of inspiration tends to believe Scripture can be inspired and authoritative without being completely inerrant. They would hold to a view of Limited Inerrancy.
whatever happens in nature and history is completely, exhaustively willed by God and not merely permitted by God
"self-limiting" - God can control nature and history meticulously but chooses not to. God restrains himself for the sake of a certain, limited degree of autonomy of both nature and human agency.
God does not know with absolute certainty all that the future holds, but he is able to predict events and respond in such a way that his ultimate and final will for the future is never thwarted.
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