the upbeat or pick up to a measure
lines that separate measures
beats that divide into threes
adds to a note half its own value
the motion of the hand down on beat 1 of the pattern
beats are grouped into larger units called
how beats are divided
groups into units of 2
groups into units of 4
groups into units of 3
AKA time signature establishes the meter and beat unit
represents durations of silence
refers to the duration of pitch and silence (notes and rests) used in a piece
beats that divided in two
arcs that connect two or more different pitches affect articulation with blowing and tonguing
rhythmic displacements of expected metrical accents created by dots, ties, rests, dynamic markings or accent marks
add the duration of note values together
the upward lift of the hand for the final beat of each measure
add to a note half its rhythmic value plus a quarter of its value
grave, largo, larghetto, and adagio
andantino, adante, moderato, and allegretto
allegro, vivace, presto, prestissimo
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