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28 terms

Music Theory Chapter 2

STUDY
PLAY
alla breve
cut time
anacrusis
the upbeat or pick up to a measure
bar line
lines that separate measures
beat
primary pulse
common time
four four
coumpound meter
beats that divide into threes
cut time
two two
dot
adds to a note half its own value
downbeat
the motion of the hand down on beat 1 of the pattern
measure
beats are grouped into larger units called
meter
how beats are divided
duple meter
groups into units of 2
quadruple meter
groups into units of 4
triple meter
groups into units of 3
meter signature
AKA time signature establishes the meter and beat unit
rest
represents durations of silence
rhythm
refers to the duration of pitch and silence (notes and rests) used in a piece
simple meter
beats that divided in two
slur
arcs that connect two or more different pitches affect articulation with blowing and tonguing
syncopation
rhythmic displacements of expected metrical accents created by dots, ties, rests, dynamic markings or accent marks
tempo
speed of the pulse
tie
add the duration of note values together
upbeat
the upward lift of the hand for the final beat of each measure
beat division
secondary pulse
double dot
add to a note half its rhythmic value plus a quarter of its value
slower tempos
grave, largo, larghetto, and adagio
medium tempos
andantino, adante, moderato, and allegretto
faster tempos
allegro, vivace, presto, prestissimo