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Politics of the United States
US constitution test. MRH
This is the information that was given to the students at Maplewood Richmond Heights High School for our US constitution test. Some are in question form. others are just listing the answers.
Terms in this set (37)
Declaration of Independence (power from? why made? signed and approved when? Who wrote it?)
Power from: People
Why made: Colonists wanted to be free of English and explained reasons why.
Sign and approved: July 4th, 1776
Written by: Thomas Jefferson
What is popular sovereignty?
A government can only get its power from the people. (people power)
US Constitution (completed and signed when? who was the father of it?)
Completed and signed: September 17, 1787
Father of the Constitution: James Madison.
What did the Great compromise do? (two parts)
1. Settled issue of how to choose members for congress.
2. Gave small states and large states what they wanted one house based on population (large) and one based on equal representation. (small)
How is the Constitution organized?
Preamble, 7 articles, 27 amendments.
What does the preamble state?
Stated belief government gets its powers from the people
What do articles 1,2,3 establish and outline?
Established principle of separation of powers. Outlines legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
Which amendments are the Bill of Rights?
Divides power between the state and national government
Separation of powers
Divided government in 3 separate by equal branches
Powers give to the states if powers aren't given to federal government or aren't forbidden to the states.
powers given to the state and federal government
Powers given only to the national government. (print money)
How often must congress meet?
At least once a year. Normally January through may.
What are the powers of congress?
ability to declare war, set federal tax rates, regulate immigration.
What are the DENIED powers of congress?
recognize other nations, ex post facto ( to make an act illegal after the act was done with prosecute for it), Writ of Habeas Corpus ( Protects against unjust indefinite imprisonment).
Senate (how many members? how many does each state get? requirements and term length?)
Total Members: 100
Each state gets: 2
Requirements: at least 30 years old. 9 years as a citizen in the US.
Term: 6 years.
Who presides over the Senate?
The Vice President presides over senate. If the VP isn't available, then the role is taken over by President Pro Tempore. (Temporary President)
House of Representatives (How many members? how many does each state get? requirements and term length?)
Total members: 435
Each state gets: based on population
Requirements: at least 25 years old. 7 years as a citizen in the US.
Term: 2 years.
Who presides over the House of Representatives?
The speaker of the house.
Electoral college (what does it do? how is it won?)
Elects president. Won by winner take all. (The winner of the states popular vote receives all of the states electoral votes)
Cabinet (head of? does what for president? Appointed by? approved by?)
Head of: executive departments
Appointed by president
approved by senate
President (what can he/she NOT do? requirements? powers?)
Cannot: declare war
Requirements: at least 35 years old. 14 years as a citizen in the US. Natural born citizen.
Powers: Commander in chief of armed forces
recognize other nations.
What is the main duty of the Vice President?
Take the place of the president if necessary.
Judges (Appointed by? approved by? term?)
Appointed by President
Approved by senate
Term: for life as long as good behavior
Judicial review (does what? established?)
Courts power to review legislative and executive actions.
Established: Marbury v Madison
Brown v Board of Education Topeta KS ( overruled laws stating segregation was legal.)
What are the types of courts?
District courts, courts of appeals, supreme court
What is treason and how can someone be convicted of it?
Making war against US or aiding the enemy.
Convicted: Must confess in open court or have two eyewitnesses testify against them.
1st amendment protections
Provides freedoms to express self and disagree and criticize government. Freedom to observe any religion one wishes.
5th and 6th amendment protections
Ones right when accused of a crime.
Can not be forced to testify against self.
Can not be tried for the same crime twice.
Right to a speedy and public trial
10th amendment protections
Powers not given to congress and not forbidden to the states are powers reserved and belong to the states. (reserved powers)
13th amendment protections
Prohibited slavery and involuntary servitude
14th amendment protections
All people born in the US are citizens
Congress has powers to levy and collect taxes
Prohibited the making, sale and consumption of alcohol
21st amendment protections
Repealed the 18th amendment allowing the making, sale and consumption of alcohol legal.
22nd amendment protections
President limited to two terms.
Recommended textbook explanations
Magruder's American Government
United States Government: Our Democracy
Donald A. Ritchie, Richard C. Remy
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