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100 terms

world civ greece

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The geography of Greece
-Was a divisive force in Greek life
All but one of the following statements accurately describes Greek Federalism. Which one does not?
-It united the internal and external affairs of Greek city-states
The Lycurgan regime in Sparta resulted in
-A society ruled by an aristocratic, warrior elite
Spartan women
-Enjoyed a more active and public life than most other Greek women
Solon's reforms in Athens
-Freed those who had been enslaved for debt
The Acropolis with all its buildings has been called the epitome of Greek art and spirit because
-It expresses the Greeks' fascination with the human and rational
Most Athenians supported themselves as
-Farmers
Slavery in Athens
-Never replaced free labor
Which of the following statements accurately describes Athenian women?
-Prostitution was legal in Athens
Each Greek polis had its own minor deities and cults, which
-Enhanced civic pride
The most important function of the athletic contest held at Olympia was to
-Bring Greeks together culturally and religiously
Sophists believed that
-Human beings are the proper subject of study
According to Socrates, human beings can find true happiness only
-By pursuing excellence
The culmination of Pre-Socratic thought was the theory that
Four substances—air, fire, earth, water—make up the universe
The ideal state described in Aristotle's Politics depended upon
-Educated and talented people who avoided extremes
The greatest historic importance of Alexander's conquests was the
-Opening of the East to the spread of Hellenism
The Hellenistic city
-Established the supremacy of the aristocracy as the chief political system
The bureaucracies of the Hellenistic kingdoms usually were recruited from
-Greece
The term "koine" refers to
-A common dialect that developed during the Hellenistic period
The uniqueness of Hellenistic culture lay in its
-Cultural diffusion of Greek and Eastern Cultures
he lack of mechanization in Hellenistic industries was a product of
c) the few, and mediocre scientists
which of the following statements accurately describes the mystery religions?
mysterious religons
All but one of the following statements accurately describes the mystery religions, which one was not?
D) long and expensive pilgrimages were required to become members
Euclid is most famous for his work in
B) Mathematics
which of the following best describes the philosophy of the Stoics
A) They believed that all people are brothers and governed by one natural law.
What was the geographic site of the flourishing and vibrant Minoan culture?
C) Crete
What statement describes Hellenistic cities?
D) Hellenistic Kings were Greeks who rules the native population.
All but one accurately describes Alexander the Great. Which one does not?
C) He trained and used only Greeks in his army
According to Josiah Ober, if Alexander had been defeated at Granicus River, which 2 superpowers would have dominated the ancient world in the years following?
D) Persia and Rome
Spartan government with its kings, councils of nobles and overseers included what 3 elements
A) monarchy, aristocracy and democracy
what term refers to that part of Athenian government that included the assembly of all citizens would accept, amend or reject bills and was open to all male citizens
A) Ecclesia
what statement accurately reflects Alexander the Greats attempt to create one universal empire
C) He organized a mass marriage ceremony between thousands of his men and Persian women.
All but one of the following modern nations formed part of Alexander the Greats empire, which did not?
B) Italy
What were 2 plays written by Sophocles during the classical age?
B) Antigone and Oedipus the king
The Greek polis included all of the following except
D) land reserved for the king and his priesthood.
The Parthenon is one building that was built during the age of
B) Pericles
The Greeks used the word tyrant to denote a
A) leader who seized power by extra legal means
Cleisthenes was famous because he
D) Created the Athenian democracy.
All but one of the following statements accurately describes Socrates, which does not?
A) He wrote the republic
What group was most politically prestigious in Athens that was charged with handling legal and military matters of the polis?
B) Board of Archons
What term refers to the time period when Greek civilization reaches its highest peak in politics, thought and art?
D) Classical period
Which of the following statements accurately describes Phillip II?
C) He was the king of Macedonia who successfully conquered Greece
Which of the following Philosophers founded the school or Stoicism and believed that people could be happy only if they lived in harmony with nature?
B) Zeno
What great thinker invented the catapult? Founded the science of hydrostatics and discovered principle that the weight of a solid floating in a liquid is equal to the weight of the liquid displaced by the objects
C) Archimedes
What philosophers argued that the principle of good human life is pleasure or the absence of pain and encouraged rejecting the world and examining personal feelings?
D) Epicurus
What form of government did Alexander the Great established for himself and his empire?
C) Monarchy
All but one of the following terms accurately applies to Sparta. Which one does not?
-Archons
Who was the comic playwright who dealt mostly with political affairs and criticized the conduct of politicians?
-Aristophanes
All but one of the following statements accurately describes the unique beliefs and practices of the Greek religion. Which one does not?
-Cults of gods and goddesses were consistent from polis to polis
Which Greek god represented the epitome of youth, beauty, benevolence, and athletic skill and was also the god of music and culture?
-Apollo
What location was the home to the Greek oracle where Greeks sought advice and counsel?
-Delphi
What of the following items did the Greeks export from their cities?
-Olive oil, wine, and fish
Which of the following statements accurately describes the geography of Greece?
-Mountains dominate the landscape, cutting the land into many small pockets
What group attacked and destroyed many Minoan palaces, taking possession of the grand palace at Cnossos?
-Mycenaean's
What scientist calculated the circumference of the earth geometrically and concluded that the earth is a spherical globe?
-Eratosthenes
Which of the following statements about Hellenized Easterners is true?
-They adopted much but retired the essentials of their own culture
Which of the terms refers to the arable land and pastureland of the polis, which was its source of wealth?
-Chora
What rulers condemned slaves, criminals, men, women, and children to work in the mines and exploited their labor until they died?
-Ptolemies
Which of the following statements accurately describes land caravans along the Great Silk Road?
-Luxury goods, like tea and silk, were the most important goods transported from the East to the West
According to "A Nightmarish Retreat," how did Aristophanes describe Socrates?
-He considered him a trickster and a windbag
What of the following statements accurately describes the Pan-Hellenic festival at Olympia?
-It was held every four years to honor Zeus, the king of the gods
Which of the following statements accurately describes the Peloponnesian War?
-It lasted about 27 years and caused widespread destruction
During the Hellenistic period, what city contained the great royal library where Eratosthenes worked on his calculations about the circumference of the earth?
-Alexandria
Following the death of Alexander the Great, what monarchy formed and included Syria, Babylon, Persis, and the regions east and west of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers?
-Seleucid Monarchy
Which statements accurately describes Hellenistic science?
-Some machines were invented, but they weren't developed into labor-saving devices
According to Plato's the Republic, what characterized an ideal polis?
-The rulers would be well educated but have no property or family
Which of the following statements accurately describes the empire of Alexander the Great?
-His empire was expansive but smaller than the Persian Empire
Which of the following statements best explains the Persian victory at Thermopylae?
-A traitor revealed the route that led behind the Greek lines
Arrange these events in accurate chronological order: (A) Classical Period (B) Hellenic Period (C) Archaic Age (D) Dark Age
-B, D, C, A
For what purpose was the Delian League formed?
a) to liberate Ionia from Persian Rule
If a Greek polis were ruled with "the power in the hands of the best" (those of noble birth) what type of government would be operating?
b) aristocracy
Which of the following statement accurately describes Hippocrates?
d) he relied on empirical knowledge and natural explanations for diseases and treatments
During the Hellenistic period, in what general area did the Greeks and easterners most compatibly and successfully assimilate?
C) religion
All but one of the following terms describe some facet of the Athenian polis, which one does not?
B) Helot
What was the importance of the battle of Salamis?
B) The Greeks decisively defeated the Persian forces
Who published the first law cod of the Athenian polis in 612 BCE?
B) Draco
Solon promoted all but one of the following changes in the Athenian code of laws. Which one did he not support?
c) He increased the number for crimes punishable by death
According to the film on the battle of Salamis, what ultimately happened to Themistocles?
B) He was exiled from Athens because of his arrogance and sought refuge in Persia
"This day will be the beginning of great evils for the Greeks" what battle or war prompted this warning?
C) Peloponnesian War
Which of the following statements accurately describes Alexander's command at the battle of Granicus?
c) he lost very few soliders and killed thousands of the enemy
What statesman- admiral led the Athenian Navy at the Battle of Salamis and designed the tactic that proved highly successful against the Persians?
c) Themistocles
Which of the following battles occurred last?
b) Plataea
during what battle did Socrates serve as a hoplite and survive a very close encounter with death?
D) Battle of Delium
Who was Alexander The great teacher that served as his inspiration through his military and political career?
c) Aristotle
Which of the following statements accurately describes Cleisthenes?
D) He was recalled from exile and returned to Athens to design a new government
What ultimately happened to Cleitus?
B) he was killed by Alexander the Great
Which of the following statements accurately describes the features of the Athenian house?
c) Large houses often had a front romm exclusively for men and a back room for women's quarters
Which of the following writers would best be considered a true "historian?"
b) Herodotus
Which of the following Athenian women would accompany men in public settings where wives would have otherwise been excluded?
b) hetairai
Which of the following statements best describes Athenocentrisim?
A) historians have exaggerated the importance and achievements of the Athenians
Which of the following products were exported by the Greek Cities?
B) wine and olive oil
What city did Alexander design with the streets laid out on a grid and with theaters, assembly halls, temples and an impressive library that became the center of Hellenistic learning?
C) Alexandria
All but one of the following statements accurately describes the role of Spartan women, which one does not?
C) they did not value their roles as wives and mothers
Which of the following battles occurred last?
D) Battle of Issus
Who wrote the trilogy of plays, the Orestia, that treated to the themes of betrayal, murder and reconciliation, urging the reason of justice be appealed
B) Aeschylus
Which of the following statements accurately describes Pisistratus?
B) He was a trickster who used force to seize power in Athens.
Which of the following terms refers to ideas of Aristarchus who was educated at Aristotle's school and argued that the earth and planets revolve around the sun?
-Heliocentric theory
All but one of the following were devices or ideas that Archimedes created. Which one was not?
-Drugs that relieved pain
The term Hellas generally refers to what aspect of Ancient Greece?
-Its land
What aspect of government did the areopagos primarily handle?
-Judicial matters