34 terms

World War II 1939-1945

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Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin, Tojo
1930's Rise of dictators
Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor that causes US to enter WWII
Dec. 7th, 1941
Propaganda leads to AMERICAN PATRIOTISM
Homefront
Hitlers Final Solution-murder of 6 million Jews
Holocaust
strategy to defeat Japan in the Pacific; seize islands for military bases
Island Hopping
NO SELLING WEAPONS TO ANY NATION AT WAR- "Americans did not support war"
1934-1939 NEUTRALITY ACT
selling weapons to countries with cash and that we believe to be the "good" guys
1939 - Cash & Carry Act
selling weapons to allied countries
1941- Lend Lease Act
secret meeting between FDR & Winston Churchill planning to disarm Germany
August 1941 - The Atlantic Charter
German Nazi (fascists) - AXIS powers
Adolph Hitler
Italian Fascists -AXIS powers
Benito Mussolini
Soviet Union Communist - ALLIED POWERS
Joseph Stalin
Japan Militaristic -AXIS powers
Hideki Tojo
African American pilots - led to integration of the armed forces by TRUMAN; civil rights movement
Tuskegee Airmen
changed traditional roles; were patriotic; worked to maintain military production levels
Effect of Women - Rosie the Riveters
Native Americans ENCODING (secret code) military communications for secure transmissions - (pacific)
Navajo Code Talkers
led to the internment of Japanese Americans for the duration of the war
Executive order 9066
began the GI Forum to help veterans post WWII; civil rights advocate
MEXICAN AMERICANS- Dr. Hector P Garcia
Executive Order 9066-violation of equal protection of the law to all citizens, Supreme Court Ruling: Civil liberties (rights) may be limited in wartime; Its not based on race, but on military urgency;
Violation of 14th amendment
encouraging young men to voluntarily enlist; encouraged all Americans to support the war effort
PROPAGANDA POSTERS
ensures fair distribution of scarce goods; supports the troops in wartime (America experiencing supply shortages)
RATIONING
plant gardens to increase food supply during farm labor shortage
VICTORY GARDENS
purchasing bonds to finance the war
Victory War Bond$
factories mobilizing for war
WAR PRODUCTION
coordinate news to inspire patriotism towards war at home
OFFICE OF WAR INFORMATION
Japanese forced allied troops to forced death march in the Philippines- General Douglas MacArthur
Bataan Death March
America breaks the Japanese secret code, attack first at midway and destroy 4 Japanese carriers- Admiral Chester Nimitz
Battle of Midway: turning point of the Pacific
Last major offensive by the Nazi's; led by general Omar Bradley
BATTLE OF THE BULGE
battle Americans open a second allied front; Impact: leads to end of war in Europe- General Dwight D. Eisenhower
Invasion of Normandy Beaches (d-day) June 6, 1944- turning point
a new, top secret weapon to build the atomic weapons; gain a strategic advantage over enemies
The Manhattan Project
August 1945- Truman orders the dropping of the worlds first 2 atomic weapons
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
After President FDR is elected for a 4th term, congress passes a law setting TERM LIMITS for presidents (Hint: 2+2 = 22)
22nd Amendment
Germany, Italy, and Japan, which were allied before and during World War II.
Axis powers
Alliance of Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, and France during World War II.
Allied Powers