40 terms

Civil Rights Movement 1954-1968

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Protest started by African Americans for equal rights and spread to Mexican Americans, Native Americans and Women.
Equality for All
Civil Rights Movement
USE OF NON-VIOLENCE to protest
CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE
To choose not to buy or participate in, Montgomery Bus Boycott
Boycotts
the expansion of political and economic opportunities for minorities
Impact of Civil Rights Movement
Freed the slaves
13th Amendment
Citizenship & equal protection under the law
14th Amendment
Suffrage (the vote) for African American Males
15th Amendment
Separate but equal is constitutional, Segregation(separation of blacks & whites) is legal and Jim Crow laws are legal, Provided a legal justification for segregation
Plessy v. Ferguson
ADVOCATE FOR (SUPPORTER OF) anti lynching; member of the NAACP
Ida B. Wells
Founder of NAACP: early civil rights organization- Political Rights & Equal rights for African Americans
WEB Dubois
Tuskegee Institute; Economic Rights for African Americans thru VOCATIONAL TRAINING
Booker T. Washington
became the first African American to integrate Major League Baseball in 1947
JACKIE ROBINSON
Arrested in Montgomery Alabama for refusing to give up her seat to a white man. Started the Montgomery Bus Boycott; lasted 1 year; A SUCCESS- led to the integration of Busses in Montgomery
ROSA PARKS
Overturned Plessy vs Ferguson and BANNED segregation in Public Schools.
Brown v. Board of Education
NAACP attorney who argues against segregation; 1st African American to serve on the Supreme Court
Thurgood Marshall
"Separate but equal is "inherently unequal" (desegregates public schools)
Justice Earl Warren
Proposed America's DOMESTIC POLICY as a Great Society, alleviation (end) of poverty
Lyndon B. Johnson
Social security expanded to include medical insurance for senior citizens
Medicare Act of 1965
medical insurance for the poor
Medicaid
affordable housing for poor
Housing & Urban Development (HUD)
Aid to feed the poor
Food Stamps
because of underfunding: too much $ was spent on foreign policy- Vietnam
Great society failed
Supports Civil Disobedience-non violent resistance & protest: sit ins, marches, freedom rides. Often arrested in the South for his protests. Letter from Birmingham Jail - he wrote his plan for non-violent protest. March on Washington: I have a dream speech-made America more Inclusive
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
BLACK PANTHER WAS THE OPPOSITE OF CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE. LEADERS: MALCOLM X & HUEY NEWTON. FIGHT VIOLENCE WITH VIOLENCE- USE OF ARMED RESISTANCE
Black Panther/Black Power Movement
Passed by President Lyndon Baines Johnson - LBJ. Ends segregation in all public places. Makes employment discrimination illegal
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Passed by President Lyndon Baines Johnson, After Dr. Kings March at Selma Alabama. Ends literacy test as prerequisites for voting. African Americans regain their 15th amendment rights
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Passed by President Lyndon Baines Johnson; eliminates poll taxes
24th Amendment
Segregationist Governor Orval Faubus of Little Rock Arkansas refuses to integrate Central H.S. and allow 9 African American students attend school
The Little Rock Nine
Southern democrats that sought to maintain the status quo (keep the south segregated)
Southern Segregationist
governor of Alabama blocked African Americans from attending the university
George Wallace
restaurant/governor of Georgia used violence to keep blacks out of his restaurant
Lester Maddox
began the United Farmworker Union Used boycotts and hunger strikes and peaceful protests to obtain fair wages (better economic treatment) and better working conditions for migrant farm workers
Cesar Chavez
Chicano leader WWII surgeon; advocate (supporter) for the GI Bill
Hector P. Garcia
Mexican American Labor leader helped Chavez
Dolores Huerta
arrested and convicted without being read his 5th amendment rights to no self-incrimination ( the right to remain silent)
Ernesto Miranda
Court overturned Ernesto Miranda's conviction. Now, Suspects must be read their rights during the ARREST procedure
Miranda v Arizona
Betty Friedan: NOW-National Organization for Women. Wrote "The Feminine Mystique". Advocate for the EQUAL RIGHTS AMENDMENT (ERA); IT FAILED. Title IX - equal rights for women in sports
Women's Rights Movement
Radical groups of youth that emerged as a result of the Vietnam War
Counterculture Movement
Mass demonstrations protesting the war. change in fashion - TYE-DYE. Anti-War music - WOODSTOCK MUSIC FEST. 26TH Amendment-" if I'm old enough to be drafted (18yrs) I should be old enough to vote". Protest escalates after 4 student protesters killed at KENT STATE UNIVERSITY
Effects of Counterculture Movement
18 year olds vote. Also known as the Vietnam Amendment: Hint: 2 + 6 = ____
26th Amendment