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English Vocabulary for The Church in the Middle Ages
Terms in this set (20)
A period that lasted from about 500 to about 1500
A member of a religious order who lived and worked among the public.
A heretical group that preached the inherent evil of material possessions.
Gothic style architecture
A type of European architecture that developed in the Middle Ages, characterized by flying buttresses, ribbed vaulting, thin walls, and high roofs
Flying Buttress (Gothic)
An arched stone support on the outside of buildings, which allows builders to construct higher walls
(v.) to regard with reverence, look up to with great respect
Religious images or paintings that are traditional among many Eastern Christians
One of the expeditions in which medieval Christian warriors sought to recover control of the Holy Land from the Muslims
A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Mohammed which stresses belief in one god (Allah), Paradise and Hell, and a body of law written in the Quran. Followers are called Muslims.
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
Living in a religious community apart from secular society with rules of chastity, obedience, and poverty.
Monks who did the simpler religious and intellectual tasks than those of the choir monks.
Often monks from the upper class who did not do physical labour, but focussed on prayer and intellectual tasks.
(n.) a formal split within a religious organization; any division or separation of a group into factions
Highest church official in Constantinople
The office or authority of the pope
Eastern church which was created in 1053 after the schism from the western Roman church; its head is the patriarch of Constantinople. (also called the Byzantine Church)
The series of psalms and prayers organized said at certain times
A tranquil square or courtyard surrounded by walkways
An object considered holy because it belonged to, or was touched by, a saint or other holy person
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