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Terms (Latin America)

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Capoeira
Vocal
• Call & response
- Polyrhythmic percussion
• Berimbau
- Originally from Africa and recreated in Brazil
- Played by striking the string with
a stick and also the hand holds a
small rattle (caxixi) to add
another timbre
- The stone
- Increasing tempo
Created by runaway African and Indian
slaves
Compé - "with the foot," African fighting
Martial Art
"Dance" disguised combat training
- Ginga - opening move
- Cooperation - Control - Confrontation
Tango
music written in duple time for dancing the tango
Mestizo
a person of mixed racial ancestry (especially mixed European and Native American ancestry)
Huayno
a lively duple meter dance, played often on a bomba
Orquesta tipica
Piano, violin, and bandoneón ensemble in Argentina
Sesquialtera
two meters played simultaneously, creating poly rhythm...found in the bambuco, cueca, gato and malamba, jarabe; juxtaposition of simple triple and compound duple meters
Hemiola
Two bars in a simple triple time articulated as if they were three bars in simple duple time
Marinera
-coastal dance of Peru, generally called the "National Dance of Peru.".

-Mestizo song-dance in Sesquialtera rhythm
Yaravi
• ballad, romantic
• slow triple meter
• pre-contact origins
Son
Mexico's most important song-dance genre, a strophic song usually on romantic themes and in many regions characterized by sesquialtera rhythm.