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Terms in this set (13)
a rock that forms from compressed or cemented layers of sediment
A process whereby compacted sediments bind and stick together and turn into rock
A process whereby sediments pack, crush, and settle under the action of gravity and pressure from overlying layers
Rock formed when heated magma or lava cools and hardens
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is changed by heat, pressure, or chemical reactions.
the color of a mineral's powder
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal structure and a definite chemical composition
A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
liquid magma that reaches the surface
The way a mineral reflects light
Geometric shape of a mineral that reflects its internal crystalline arrangement of atoms.
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals or organic matter