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Carotid Artery

either of two major arteries of the neck and head

Coronary Artery

the artery that branches from the aorta to supply blood to the heart

Subclavian Artery

either of two arteries that supply blood to the neck and arms

Renal Artery

an artery originating from the abdominal aorta and supplying the kidneys and adrenal glands and ureters

Subclavian Vein

carries deoxygenated blood from the arms to the superior vena cava

Iliac Vein

blood vessel that drains deoxy blood from the legs and carries it to the inferior vena cava

Coronary Vein

carries deoxygenated blood from the heart muscle back to the right atrium

Renal Vein

blood vessel that carries blood away from the kidney and toward the heart

Iliac Artery

one of the large arteries supplying blood to the pelvis and legs

Jugular Vein

carries blood from head to superior vena cava


foreign substances that trigger the attack of antibodies in the immune response.


Protein that is produced by lymphocytes and that attaches to a specific antigen.

Mesenteric Artery

one of two branches of the aorta that pass between the two layers of the mesentery to the intestines (digestive system)

Pulmonary Circulation

circulation from the right side of the heart to the lungs and back to the left side of the heart

Systemic Circulation

pathway of circulation between the heart and the rest of the body except the lungs

Fetal Circulation

Oval Opening, Arterial Duct, Umbilical Arteries, Venous Duct

Oval Opening

an opening between the two atria, this opening is covered by a flap of tissue that acts as a valve

Arterial Duct

the connection between the pulmonary artery and the aorta, directs blood away from lungs into systemic circulation

Umbilical Arteries and Vein

vessels that travel to and from the placenta, leaving waste and receiving nutrients

Venous Duct

receives blood from the umbilical vein and directs it to the inferior vena cava

B lymphocytes

form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections

T lymphocytes

provide cell-mediated immunity and are processed by the thymus gland.

Blood Pressure Formula

Blood Pressure = Cardiac Output x Arterial Resistance

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