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Biblical Allusions 1
Terms in this set (19)
Adam and Eve
Fig-leaf, apple, Eden, serpent, humanity, sin, mortality because of sin. Eden is the perfect garden. Adam and Eve are cast out once they eat the "forbidden fruit".
Cain and Abel
Mark of Cain, hatred, jealousy, murder of brother; Cain kills Abel
Noah and the flood
The dove and the rainbow, God's intolerance for sin, new beginning, God's love toward Noah and his family: God floods the world. Noah builds an ark and gathers two of every animal. Only those on the ark survive the flood.
Tower of Babel
Humbling of humanity, man's futile attempt to work their way to heaven by building a tower is seen as too ambitious by God, hence he destroys the tower. God's power over man, creation of the different languages by God.
Faith, God commands Abraham to kill his oldest son, Isaac. He begins to then God saves Isaac since Abraham proved his faith and obedience. Abraham makes a covenant with God. Beginning of the Jewish / Christian and Muslim faiths, father of the Jews and Muslims.
Lot and his Wife
Sodom and Gomorrah (city of debauchery), God destroys these two cities. God's mercy on Lot in saving his family from his wrath. They are not supposed to look back and when Lot's wife looks back she is turned into a pillar of salt.
Sarah, Hagar, Ishmael
Sarah is Abraham's wife. She is barren (she later gives birth to Isaac). Abraham has a child with Sarah's handmaid, Hagar (the hierarchical structure of Gilead in The Handmaid's Tale is based on this). Hagar gives birth to Ishmael. Sharah banishes Hagar and Ishmael into the desert. Mohammad (the Muslim prophet) is a descendant of Ishmael.
Isaac and Rebecca
They are the parents of Jacob and Esau.
Rachel and Leah and Jacob
They are sisters and both marry Jacob. He is the father of the 12 tribes of Israel. He steals his brother's (Esau) birthright (primogeniture) by tricking Esau into trading a bowl of porridge for his birthright. Jacob also wrestles tieh and angel and then changes his name to Israel. Jacob's ladder is a ladder from Heaven that he climbs and hears the voice of God.
Coat of many colors, sold into Egypt, Potiphar's wife, Pharaoh's dream, Joseph is a visionary and tells the Pharaoh what his dreams mean. Joseph is sold into slavery by his brothers and the favorite of his father, Jacob. He is the son of Jacob and Rachel.
Burning bush, Aaron's rod (magically turns into a snake before the Pharaoh), Passover and the 10 plagues, crossing and parting of the Red Sea, 10 commandments, leader to the Promised Land, Exodus of the Jews out of Egypt to land of Milk and Honey.
Jawbone of an ass. Samson fights with the Philistines with the jawbone of an ass.
Ruth and Naomi
Naomi is Ruth's mother-in-law. Naomi's sons die and she returns to Bethlehem. Ruth is loyal to Naomi and goes with her. Ruth meets a man named Boaz.
First king of the United Kingdom of Israel. His son-in-law is David.
David, Goliath, Jonathan, Bathsheba, Absalom, King of Israel.
The messiah is descended from this line (the kingly line). (According to Matthew who appears in the New Testament Jesus is this messiah). David is the second king of the United Kingdom of Israel. He is also considered the author of The Book of Psalms. According to the Muslim tradition he was a prophet. He fights Goliath a giant and wins. Jonathan is Saul's son and he and David are friends. Jonathan helps David escape from the Philistines. Absalom is David's son who betrays his and begins a war against David. Bathsheba (a married woman) is seduced by David and gives birth to Solomon.
Wise man - when two women were fighting over custody of a baby, he suggested that the baby be cut in half. One woman said, "okay" the other did not want to hurt the baby. This is how Solomon determined that the woman who did not want to harm the baby would be a better mother and she got custody. Son of David and some of the psalms are attributed to Solomon.
Ahab and Jezebel
Ahab built a pagan temple, under Jezebel's guidance and Elijah warned Ahab that this was a bad idea. But he did it anyway and was seen as a bad or even evil king.
A prophet: Elijah challenged Ahab and his pagan priests on Mount Carmel. God sent down fire to ignite a sacrifice, but the priests of Baal could not summon Baal to do the same. Then the people realized that God was the only true God (1 Kings 18:18-39). Then rains came and ended the drought.
Job is a devout and faithful man. Satan wants to make Job suffer to prove to God that when Job suffers he will curse and denounce God. God allows Satan to make Job suffer. Job remains faithful and instead of cursing God, Job curses the day he was born. The book of Job is considered to be the poetic masterpiece of the Bible.
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