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41 terms

Lexicon #3

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adage
noun
1) a traditional saying expressing a common experience or observation; proverb.
amorphous
adjective
1) lacking definite form; having no specific shape; formless
2) of no particular kind or character; indeterminate; having no pattern or structure; unorganized
3) occurring in a mass, as without stratification or crystalline structure
4) having structural components that are not clearly differentiated, as the nuclear material in certain bacteria
contingency
noun
1) dependence on chance or on the fulfillment of a condition; uncertainty; fortuitousness
2) a chance, accident, or possibility conditional on something uncertain
3) something incidental to a thing
desultory
adjective
1) lacking in consistency, constancy, or visible order, disconnected; fitful
2) digressing from or unconnected with the main subject; random
efficacious
adjective
1) capable of having the desired result or effect; effective as a means, measure, remedy, etc.
epoch
noun
1) a particular period of time marked by distinctive features, events, etc.
2) the beginning of a distinctive period in the history of anything
3) a point of time distinguished by a particular event or state of affairs; a memorable date
4) any of several divisions of a geologic period during which a geologic series is formed
5) an arbitrarily fixed instant of time or date
extant
adjective
1) in existence; still existing; not destroyed or lost
2) standing out; protruding
Faustian
adjective
1) of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Faust
2) sacrificing spiritual values for power, knowledge, or material gain
3) characterized by spiritual dissatisfaction or torment
4) possessed with a hunger for knowledge or mastery
gratuitous
adjective
1) given, done, bestowed, or obtained without charge or payment; free; voluntary
2) being without apparent reason, cause, or justification
3) given without receiving any return value
immutable
adjective
1) not mutable; unchangeable; changeless
incorrigible
adjective
1) not corrigible; bad beyond correction or reform
2) impervious to constraints or punishment; willful; unruly; uncontrollable
3) firmly fixed; not easily changed
4) not easily swayed or influenced
insouciant
adjective
1) free from concern, worry, or anxiety; carefree; nonchalant
invective
noun
1) vehement or violent denunciation, censure, or reproach.
2) a railing accusation; vituperation.
3) an insulting or abusive word or expression
adjective
1) vituperative; denunciatory; censoriously abusive
malaise
noun
1) a condition of general bodily weakness or discomfort, often marking the onset of a disease.
2) a vague or unfocused feeling of mental uneasiness, lethargy, or discomfort.
modicum
noun
1) a moderate or small amount
motif
noun
1) a recurring subject, theme, idea, etc., esp. in a literary, artistic, or musical work
2) a distinctive and recurring form, shape, figure, etc., in a design, as in a painting or on wallpaper
3) a dominant idea or feature
rationalism
noun
1) the principle or habit of accepting reason as the supreme authority in matters of opinion, belief, or conduct
2) the doctrine that reason alone is a source of knowledge and is independent of experience.
3) the doctrine that human reason, unaided by divine revelation, is an adequate or the sole guide to all attainable religious truth
4) a design movement principally of the mid-19th century that emphasized the development of modern ornament integrated with structure and the decorative use of
salient
adjective
1) prominent or conspicuous
2) projecting or pointing outward
3) leaping or jumping
noun
1) a salient angle or part, as the central outward-projecting angle of a bastion or an outward projection in a battle line
2) a landform that extends out beyond its surroundings, as a spur projecting from the side of a mountain
venial
adjective
1) able to be forgiven or pardoned; not seriously wrong, as a sin
2) excusable; trifling; minor
visceral
adjective
1) of or pertaining to the viscera
2) characterized by or proceeding from instinct rather than intellect
3) characterized by or dealing with coarse or base emotions; earthy; crude
ameliorate
verb
1) to make or become better, more bearable, or more satisfactory; improve
arcane
adjective
1) known or understood by very few; mysterious; secret; obscure; esoteric
copious
adjective
1) large in quantity or number; abundant; plentiful
2) having or yielding an abundant supply
3) exhibiting abundance or fullness, as of thoughts or words
dichotomy
noun
1) division into two parts, kinds, etc.; subdivision into halves or pairs
2) division into two mutually exclusive, opposed, or contradictory groups
3) a mode of branching by constant forking, as in some stems, in veins of leaves, etc.
4) the phase of the moon or of an inferior planet when half of its disk is visible.
endemic
adjective
1) natural to or characteristic of a specific people or place; native; indigenous
2) belonging exclusively or confined to a particular place
noun
1) an endemic disease
eschatology
noun
1) any system of doctrines concerning last, or final, matters, as death, the Judgment, the future state, etc.
2) the branch of theology dealing with such matters
extol
verb
1) to praise highly; laud; eulogize
felicitous
noun
1) well-suited for the occasion, as an action, manner, or expression; apt; appropriate
2) having a special ability for suitable manner or expression, as a person
hegemony
noun
1) leadership or predominant influence exercised by one nation over others, as in a confederation.
2) leadership; predominance
3) aggression or expansionism by large nations in an effort to achieve world domination
inchoate
adjective
1) not yet completed or fully developed; rudimentary
2) just begun; incipient
3) not organized; lacking order
inexorable
adjective
1) unyielding; unalterable
2) not to be persuaded, moved, or affected by prayers or entreaties
intractable
adjective
1) not easily controlled or directed; not docile or manageable; stubborn; obstinate
2) hard to shape or work with
3) hard to treat, relieve, or cure
noun
1) an intractable person
Luddite
noun
1) a member of any of various bands of workers in England (1811-16) organized to destroy manufacturing machinery, under the belief that its use diminished employment.
malapropism
noun
1) an act or habit of misusing words ridiculously, esp. by the confusion of words that are similar in sound
2) an instance of this, as in "Lead the way and we'll precede."
moribund
adjective
1) in a dying state; near death
2) on the verge of extinction or termination
3) not progressing or advancing; stagnant
narcissism
noun
1) inordinate fascination with oneself; excessive self-love; vanity
2) erotic gratification derived from admiration of one's own physical or mental attributes, being a normal condition at the infantile level of personality development.
recondite
adjective
1) dealing with very profound, difficult, or abstruse subject matter
2) beyond ordinary knowledge or understanding; esoteric
3) little known; obscure
sanctimonious
adjective
1) making a hypocritical show of religious devotion, piety, righteousness, etc.
2) holy; sacred
veracity
noun
1) habitual observance of truth in speech or statement; truthfulness
2) conformity to truth or fact; accuracy
3) correctness or accuracy, as of the senses or of a scientific instrument
4) something veracious; a truth
wan
adjective
1) of an unnatural or sickly pallor; pallid; lacking color
2) showing or suggesting ill health, fatigue, unhappiness, etc.
3) lacking in forcefulness, competence, or effectiveness
4) dark or gloomy
5) pale in color or hue
zeitgeist
noun
1) the spirit of the time; general trend of thought or feeling characteristic of a particular period of time.