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UNIT II...4th to 7th Presidents
Terms in this set (47)
The British practice of taking American sailors from American ships and forcing them into the British navy; a factor in the War of 1812.
Southerners and Westerners who were eager for war with Britain. They had a strong sense of nationalism, and they wanted to takeover British land in North America and expand.
Political Group that was opposed to the War of 1812 and threatened to separate from the Union and make their own peace with Great Britain. This act of treason destroyed their reputation.
The Hartford Convention
Meeting of Federalists near the end of the War of 1812 in which the party listed it's complaints against the ruling Demo-Republican Party. These actions were largely viewed as traitorous to the country and lost the Federalist much influence
Leading the country through the War of 1812 as the president became his second great legacy even though he wasn't a very good military strategist.
Presidents wife, she had to flee the white house before they set it on fire; saved valuable papers including Washington's portrait, while the British destroyed Washington DC.
The British focused on destroying Baltimore and the privateer fleet that had been wreaking havoc on their navy throughout the war.
Francis Scott Key
A Washington DC lawyer who watched the all-night battle at Fort McHenry and showed his pride by writing what became the national anthem
Treaty of Ghent
Treaty that ended the War of 1812 and maintained prewar conditions. Nothing was gained or lost and it just ended the fighting.
Battle of New Orleans
Jackson led a battle that occurred when British troops attacked U.S. soldiers in New Orleans on January 8, 1815; the War of 1812 had officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent in December, 1814, but word had not yet reached the U.S. This event turned Jackson into a national hero.
As Secretary of State he negotiated the end of the War of 1812.
A strong feeling of pride, patriotism, loyalty and devotion to one's country that was felt after the War of 1812.
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods. A shift from man-made to machine-made goods and from farms to factories.
"Father of the Factory System" in America; escaped Britain with the memorized plans for the textile machinery; put into operation the first spinning cotton thread in 1791.
Before the 1790's the US relied heavily upon the trade of this nations manufactured goods.
Most factories were built in this region due to the availability of water power.
The Transportation Revolution
A period of rapid growth in the speed, convenience and affordability of travel because of new methods and innovations in transportation.
American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat and made travel up and down rivers and canals easier.
United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin, which transformed the south and expanded the need of slavery there.
Samuel F.B. Morse
His invention of the telegraph transformed Americas ability to communicate and unified the US unlike any other time before it.
A 363 mile long an artificial waterway connecting the Hudson river at Albany with Lake Erie at Buffalo
Economic program advanced by Henry Clay that included support for a national bank, high tariffs, and internal improvements; emphasized strong role for federal government in the economy.
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court the strengthened the authority of the Federal government with a few court case decisions that supported the regulation of interstate commerce and the supremacy of the national laws over state laws. The last federalist.
To keep Congress in balance the "Compromise of 1820" over the issue of slavery in Missouri was passed. It was decided Missouri entered as a slave state and Maine entered as a free state and all states North of the 36th parallel were free states and all South were slave states.
The Era of Good Feelings
A name for President Monroe's two terms, a period of strong nationalism, economic growth, and territorial expansion. Since the Federalist party dissolved after the War of 1812, there was only one political party and no partisan conflicts.
After the War of 1812 they had no rival until 1828 and dominated the US governmental policies.
Through the process of a military attack and the negotiating power of J.Q. Adams, we were able to acquire this property from the Spanish under Monroe.
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere. Written by someone else.
John Quincy Adams
The true author of the Monroe Doctrine as Sec. of State which gained him favor to run for the presidency in 1824
Refers to the presidential election of 1824 in which Henry Clay, the Speaker of the House, convinced the House of Representatives to elect Adams rather than the popular choice Jackson.
Judas of the West
nickname of Henry Clay used by Andrew Jackson supporters because they thought he had betrayed him as a fellow westerner by supporting John Quincy Adams for the right to become the new Secretary of State.
House of Representatives
The election of 1824 was a tie and this is where Presidential Election ties are broken. They were influenced by Clay to support JQA.
A policy of spreading more political power to more people. It was a "Common Man" theme using three principals based on political & economic ideas as well as national sovereignty
John C. Calhoun
South Carolina Senator and Vice President - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification. Encouraged his state to withdraw from the Union.
The Force Bill
This gave the president power to use military force to collect tariffs if the need arose and the threat of nullification became a reality.
The practice of a successful political party giving public office to its supporters even if they aren't qualified.
The Common Man president and creator of the Democratic Party, appreciated and despised by many.
The use of insults to attack an opponent's reputation during the process of an election. Started to become the norm after 1828.
Peggy Eaton Affair
A social scandal where many wealthy cabinet member's wives snubbed the socially unacceptable Peggy Eaton, wife of John Eaton. Jackson sided with the Eatons, and the affair helped to dissolve the cabinet - especially those members associated with John C. Calhoun (V.P.), who was against the Eatons and had other problems with Jackson.
Tariff of Abominations
Tariff passed by Congress in 1828 that favored manufacturing in the North and was hated by the South, forcing Jackson to avoid a Civil War threat and division of our UNION.
A state's refusal to recognize an act of Congress that it considers unconstitutional.
Wife of Andrew Jackson who was accused of living with Jackson before they married and was still "married" when she married Jackson. This slander was blamed for her heart attack and death after the election.
Indian Removal Act
Passed in Congress in 1830, authorized Andrew Jackson to negotiate land-exchange treaties with tribes living east of the Mississippi. The treaties paved the way for the reluctant—and often forcible—emigration of tens of thousands of American Indians to the West and onto Reservations.
Trail of Tears
The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveling more than 800 miles to the Indian Territory. More than 4, 00 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey.
John C. Calhoun encouraged SC to withdraw formally from federal union by doing this.
A politician from Kentucky that developed the American System, supported the National Bank and negotiated numerous compromises, even though he was the political rival of Jackson.
Bank of the United States
Controlled by Nicholas Biddle, AJ desired to destroy it and return the money power back to the people and away from the corporations.
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