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Arts and Humanities
Camera Usage Test Study Guide
Terms in this set (62)
What are the disadvantages of using a direct viewing system camera?
Big and bulky/slow exposure times/image is up-side-down when you look in the back of the camera.
What is the biggest disadvantage of the view finder system?
You are not seeing what the lens sees.
What does SLR stand for?
Single lens reflex
What does a clear (skylight) filter do for your lens?
Protects your camera's front lens from dust and scratches.
Focus depends on the distance between the _____ and the _____.
Lens + Subject
Auto focus needs to distinguish ______ and _______.
Tones + Simple info
What does ISO stand for?
International Standards Organization
ISO _______ is considered fast. ISO _______ is considered slow.
What is a fast ISO used for and why?
Action and things in low light situations
What is a slow ISO used for and why?
Portraits, landscape, rich in detail, little light exposure.
What is the definition of depth of field?
Distant between near and far objects that are in focus.
What does depth of field do to a photo?
Focus so both subjects are in view
The three ways to adjust the depth of field are ___, ___, and ___.
Aperture number, distance, lens focal length
An aperture number of f/2.8 gives you a _____ depth of field.
A _______ lens gives you a small depth of field.
True or False?
A small depth of field means that everything in the photo is in focus.
______ and _____ are two ways to control the amount of light entering the camera.
Shutter , Aperture
The larger the aperture opening, the _____ light will enter the camera.
Apertures are measured in ____.
True or False?
Larger aperture numbers refer to smaller openings.
When you open up a stop from F/8 to F/5.6 what are you doing to the light?
You are doubling the amount of light let in.
Shutter controls the ________________________________.
Timing of your exposure
Shutter speeds are measured in _______________________.
Fractions of a second
True or False?
When you decrease the shutter speed from 1/125 to 1/60, you cut the exposure time in half.
Exposing with a little bit of light for a longer time is the same as what?
It is the same as exposing with a little bit of light for a short amount of time.
What type of lens enlarges things?
What type of lens widens viewing area?
What type of lens is between 35mm-80mm?
What type of lens makes things look smaller?
What lens is 50mm?
What lens has a shorter viewing area?
What lens is most convenient?
What lens is called a wide angle lens
What lens is 20mm?
What lens produces a wide depth of field?
What lens is versatile?
What lens is 200mm?
What lens sees what the eye sees?
What lens covers a range of distances?
What lens produces a shallow depth of field
What happens to your shutter speeds if you use a faster ISO setting like 400 rather than 25?
Your shutter speeds are faster with the higher film speed. You lose quality in your image...it's grainier,but your action will be frozen.
What is the main difference between JPG and TIFF?
JPEG is the standard file format and used for the web. TIFF is larger and used for printing.
One megabyte is equivalent to _______________ bytes of data.
Explain the relationship between pixels and resolution.
The number of pixels make up the images resolution. Pixels are the number if tiny dots in a given space. The higher the pixel number the better the quality.
A CCD replaces what from traditional cameras?
What does "P" stand for?
Program mode- camera does shutter and aperture.
What does "S" stand for?
(TV) Shutter priority- you set shutter speed, camera sets aperture.
What does "A" stand for?
(AV) Aperture priority- you set aperture camera sets shutter speed.
What does "M" stand for?
Manual- you set shutter and aperture.
When the shutter speeds and apertures work together. If you change one setting then you have to change the other as well.
Macro, or the close up mode, is signified by what shape?
The little running man icon on the camera means what?
Finish this quote from the DVD's...
"Shooting automatic doesn't mean its automatically ________."
What is a focal point?
Point where rays of light converge inside the camera.
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