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Omniscient narrator

An all-knowing narrator tells the story

Dramatic irony

The reader or viewer knows something that a character does not know


A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things using like or as

First person narrator

A character in the story tells the story

Verbal irony

When someone knowingly exaggerates or says one thing and means another


A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things that are basically unlike but that
have something in common

Static character

Character that does not change in the story

Dynamic character

Character that changes in some significant way


A person or force in conflict with the protagonist


The author's uniquely individual way of communicating ideas


The time and place in which the events of the story occur

Point of View

The author's decision about who is the narrator in the story


An indirect reference to another literary work or to a famous person, place, or event


The central character who is struggling with a problem


The design or plan of action in the story


Repetition of initial consonant sounds


A remark spoken in an undertone by one character either to the audience or to another
character, which the remaining characters supposedly do not hear.


A speech made by a character when he is alone on stage

Blank verse

Unrhymed lines of poetry written in iambic pentameter


Literature in play form


The author's underlying message about man or human nature


A basic struggle between the protagonist and the antagonist


Hints of what is to come in the story


The stated or implied attitude of a writer toward the subject


The object, event, or character that represents someone or something in the story

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