42 terms

Constitutional

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1. Democracy-
a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of the state, typically through elected representatives
2. Articles of Confederation
1st plan of government in the colonies
3. Ordinance
law
4. Constitutional convention
meeting that took place in Philadelphia to discuss improvements on the Articles of Confederation
5. Congress
a conference or formal meeting of delegates or representatives
6. Compromise
agreement
7. Bicameral
consisting of two houses, or chambers, especially in legislature
8. Ratify
approve
9. Bill of Rights
individual rights 1st 10 amendments (RAPPS)
10. Virginia Plan (proportional rep.)
The Virginia Plan advocated representation based on population.
11. New Jersey Plan (equal rep.)
The New Jersey Plan called for equal representation.
12. Great Compromise
Compromise during the Constitutional Convention that decided the issue of representation in Congress, In the House of Representatives, the states would be represented according topopulation (proportional representation). In the Senate, each state would have equal representation.
13. Three-Fifths Compromise
Slaves are 3/5 of a person, every 5 slaves =3 free persons
14. Civic virtue
People who exemplify this quality go beyond their obligations by taking an active role in their community
15. Limited government
the constitution limits the actions of government by specifically listing powers it does & does not have
16. Republicanism
people elect their political representatives.
17. Checks & balances
each branch of government holds some control over the other two branches.
18. Federalism
in this government system, power is divided between national & state government.
19. Separation of powers
each of the three branches of government has its own responsibility.
20. Popular sovereignty
people are the source of the government's power
21. Individual rights
basic liberties & rights of all citizens are guaranteed in bill of rights.
22. legislative branch
the branch of government that makes the nation's laws
23. executive branch
the branch of government, headed by the president, that carries out the nation's laws & policies
24. judicial branch
the branch of government, including the federal court system, that interprets the nation's laws
25. concurrent powers
powers shared by the state & the federal government
26. reserved powers
powers retained by the states
27. Federalists
supporters of the Constitution
28. Anti-federalists
individuals who opposed ratification of the Constitution
29. states' rights
rights & powers independent of federal gov. that are reserved for states by the constitution; the belief that states' rights supersede federal rights and law "itchy wife"
30. amend
change
31. grievance
formal complaint
32. naturalization
to grant full citizenship to a foreigner
33. press
news, journalism, media
34. assembly
a group of people gathered together as a group in one place for a common purpose
35. petition
a formal request
36. warrant
a legal document authorizing the police to make an arrest, search premises
37. accused
a person or group of people who are charged with or on trial for a crime
38. jury
a body of people (typically 12) sworn to give a verdict in a legal case on the basis of evidence submitted to them in court
39. due process
idea that the government must follow procedures established by law & guaranteed by the constitution
40. double jeopardy
law a person cannot be charged or prosecuted twice for the same crime 41. self-incrimination~ the act of exposing oneself to an accusation or charge of a crime
self-incrimination
the act of exposing oneself to an accusation or charge of a crime
42. bail
a temporary release of an accused person awaiting trail

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