History Questions 10-13
Terms in this set (26)
Why did Lincoln favor a lenient policy toward the south?
How did an abundance of natural resources contribute to economic growth in the US in the late 1800s?
An abundance of raw materials (timber, coal, iron and copper) meant that American companies could obtain them cheaply and did not have to import them from other countries.
How did oil production affect the American economy?
At this time people began using a new resource; petroleum. As oil production rose, it led to economic expansion
How did the use of electric power affect economic development?
Electric power made it possible for the invention of new technologies.
-The telegraph + telephone: revolutionized business and personal communication
transformed American society when it started supplying electrical power to NYC
=huge economic boom
Do you think government policies at the time helped or hindered industrialization? Why?
When the nation raised tariffs on foreign goods, other countries raised their tariffs on American goods. This hurt American companies who were trying to sell goods abroad.
Tariffs were necessary to protect American industries
Why was the country divided into 4 time zones?
Scheduling errors were resulting when two trains travelled on the same track.
How did railroad expansion lead to industrial growth?
-It helped unite Americans in different regions
-increased the markets for many products
-stimulated the economy by spending money on coal, steel timber and other materials
Why might politicians be tempted to accept gifts of railroad stock?
Because they knew later on that the land would be quite valuable
Why did Credit Mobilier become a scandal
He tricked the railroad to pay inflated bills and they did it without question because he worked for them. By the time the railroad was finished he made millions, but the railroad had used up its federal grants and was almost bankrupt
What factors led to the rise of big business in the United States?
-big businesses: dominated the economy, operating vast complexes of factories and warehouses
What techniques did corporations use to consolidate their industries?
-Business leaders devised new ways to promote their products.
-agreements to stop prices from falling
-reduction of many industries to few large and highly efficient corporations
Do you think an individual today can rise from "rags to riches" like Andrew Carnegie
Why were some Americans suspicious of unions?
Employers generally viewed unions as conspiracies that interfered with property rights.
Why was it difficult for unions to succeed in the 1800s?
-companies used techniques to prevent workers from forming unions
-many refused to hire or pay them and they often became blacklisted
How were female workers treated differently from male workers in the late 1800s?
-woman worker percentages raised
-paid less than men, regardless of job
-unions excluded woman
How did immigration affect demographics in the US?
People became very segregated. Different nationalities often formed groups and lived together
Why did Chinese immigrants come to the US?
-Mainly because the population was so high and the country was suffering from severe unemployment, poverty and famine.
Why did the federal government pass the Chinese Exclusion Act?
In the West, Chinese sentiment led to racial violence.
What new technologies helped people in the late 1800s get to and from work?
-major cities began to instal cable cars
-electric trolley line
Why did political machines help city dwellers in the late 1800s?
New city dwellers needed jobs, housing, food, heat, and police protection. Political machines provided these in exchange for votes
How did the living conditions of the upper. Middle, and working classes compare
(Look in textbook-pretty obvious)
Why were pollution and sewage a problem in American cities in the late 1800s?
-improper sewage disposal (unclean water=sickness)
-horse manure left in streets
- smoke belched from chimneys
-soot and ash from fires
What was the main idea of Social Darwinism?
-goal was to shape Americans' attitudes toward industrial society.
-provided a new way of looking at things.
-strongly reinforced the idea of individualism
-evolution was Gods way of creating the world
What was the importance of the saloon in city life?
-drinks, free toilets, water for horses and newspapers
-a place to get away from the overcrowded apartments
What actions did congress take to regulate big business?
-shut down the idea of trusts (Sherman Antitrust Act)
What was the purpose of settlement houses?
-to provide houses for the poor