17 terms

Unit 8: Solutions

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

solution
a homogeneous mixture consisting of ions or molecules
solute
what is being dissolved
solvent
what is doing the dissolving
homogeneous
same throughout
heterogeneous
is not the same throughout, can identify different components
aqueous
dissolved in water
electrolyte
a liquid that contains ions and can conduct electricity
nonelectrolyte
a liquid that does not contain ions and cannot conduct electricity
colligative properties
properties of solutions that depend on the amount of solute present (concentration)
vapor pressure lowering
colligative property that occurs when a solute is dissolved in a solvent and causes the vapor pressure to decrease
freezing point depression
colligative property that occurs when a solute is dissolved in a solvent and causes the freezing point to be lower than normal
boiling point elevation
colligative property that occurs when a solute is dissolved in a solvent and causes the boiling point to increase when compared to the pure solvent
osmotic pressure
pressure needed to prevent a solvent from passing into another solution
solvation
process through which a solute is dissolved by a solvent into a solution
solubility
the amount of a substance that will dissolve into a given amount of a solvent
soluble
will dissolve
insoluble
will not dissolve