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even very complex experiments can be broken down into component parts of sensations and feeling
emphasizes importance of unconscious influences, early life experiences, and inter-personal relationships
perspective of psychology which says that psychology should focus on observable behaviors
psychology experienced a return to the study of mental processes influence behavior
study of diversity of human behavior in different cultural settings and countries
fundamental attribution error
the tendency of viewers to underestimate the impact of the situation and overestimate impact of personal disposition
a tendency for people who agree to a small action to comply later to a larger one
cognitive dissonance theory
we act to reduce the discomfort we feel when two of our thoughts are inconsistent
created idea of conformity (did experiment with college students sitting around a table and answering a question wrongly based on a groups ideas)
normative social influence
influence resulting from a persons desire to gain approval /avoid disapproval
occurs when people within a group discuss an idea that most of them either favor/oppose
the mode of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a decision making group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives
tendency for people to believe the world is just and that people therefore get what they deserve, and deserve what they get
a situation in which the conflicting parties by each rationally pursuing their self-interest became caught in destructive behavior
as we see "them", as untrustworthy and evil intentioned- so "they" see us that way (vicious circle)
social exchange theory
our social behavior is an exchange process, aim to max benefits and minimize costs
stanford prison experiment
people were assigned to be guards and prisoners- people had to play their role, and there was no rules, and people by the end of the first day WERE their role
application of the principles of evolution to explain psychological processes and phenomena
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